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Table 3 Summary of the measures to be collected for the Osteo-cise: Strong Bones for Life study

From: Osteo-cise: Strong Bones for Life: Protocol for a community-based randomised controlled trial of a multi-modal exercise and osteoporosis education program for older adults at risk of falls and fractures

Variables Data Collection Method Data Collection Points
Baseline 6 months 12 months 18 months
Primary outcome measures      
Hip and spine BMD DXA hip and spine scan x   x x
Functional muscle power Stair climbing test x x x x
Secondary outcome measures      
Muscle power Leg press (3-RM) x x x x
  30 second sit-to-stand x x x x
Muscle strength Leg press and lat pulldown (3-RM) x x x x
Muscle function and balance Functional reach test x x x x
  Four-square step test x x x x
  Timed-up-and-go (TUG) x x x x
Anthropometry and body composition Height and weight x x x x
  DXA lean mass and fat mass x   x x
Trabecular bone microarchitecture MRI knee x    x
Falls Monthly falls calendars Monthly calendar
Adverse events Monthly falls calendars Monthly calendar
Cost effectiveness EuroQol (EQ-5D) x x x x
Quality of life SF36 questionnaire x x x x
Other measures      
Diet 24-h food recall questionnaire x x x x
Lifestyle and medical history Questionnaire x x x x
Biochemistry and hormonal Serum 25-hydroxyvitaminD     
   x x x x
  Parathyroid hormone (PTH) x   x x
  Routine biochemistry x   x x
Physical activity CHAMPS questionnaire x x x x
Historical physical activity Questionnaire x    
Osteoporosis health beliefs and knowledge Osteoporosis Knowledge Test (OKT) x   x x
Osteoporosis attitudes and prevention behaviours Osteoporosis Health Belief Scale (OHBS) x   x x