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Table 1 Inclusion and exclusion criteria for participants with neck-shoulder pain

From: Effects of tailored neck-shoulder pain treatment based on a decision model guided by clinical assessments and standardized functional tests. A study protocol of a randomized controlled trial

INCLUSION
Criteria Reason Assessment
Neck-shoulder region as the dominant pain area Neck pain is the focus area. Pain drawing, clinical examination
Age 20-65 The study aim at the working population. Questionnaire
≥ 10 and ≤ 68 NDI score Focus on participants with mild, moderate or severe disability. Questionnaire
Impaired capacity to work due to neck problems Focus on participants with disability that is relevant for working life. Questionnaire
EXCLUSION
Criteria Reason Assessment
Trauma-related neck pain Focus on nonspecific neck-shoulder pain. Questionnaire
Cervical rhizopathy or vestibular dysfunction Focus on nonspecific neck-shoulder pain without specific diagnosis that needs specific treatment. Questionnaire, clinical examination at suspicion
Psychiatric, inflammatory, endocrinal, rheumatic, cancer, neurological or connective tissue disorders, stroke, heart infarct or type 1-diabetes Focus on nonspecific neck-shoulder pain without specific diagnosis that needs specific treatment. Questions if diagnoses exist from medical doctor
Concurrent low back pain Predict poor treatment outcome and affect functioning. Questionnaire
Fibromyalgia/generalized pain Focus on nonspecific neck pain. Questionnaire, clinical examination at suspicion
Low treatment expectation or catastrophizing most or all of the time Prognostic factor for poor treatment outcome. Questionnaire
Anxiety or depression Prognostic factor for poor treatment outcome. Questionnaire
Temporomandibular disorders Focus on nonspecific neck-shoulder pain without specific diagnosis that needs specific treatment. Questionnaire
Surgery or a fracture in the neck, back or shoulder, luxation of a shoulder joint Risk that this affects the measurements in a specific way, unrelated to nonspecific neck pain. Questionnaire
Severely restricted ROM in cervical rotation or shoulder flexion Will not be able to accomplish the tests of functioning Clinical examination