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Table 2 Currently used types of management strategies

From: The German fibromyalgia consumer reports – a cross-sectional survey

Type of therapy N * % *
Self-management, activity-based (e.g. promenading, distraction) 1542/1618 95.3
Self-management, rest-based (e.g. lying down, relaxing) 1121/1496 81.6
Prescription pain medications (at least one of the drug classes below) 1314/1613 81.5
Analgesics (NSAIDs, Paracetamol, Aspirin, Metamizol) 883 56.0
Antidepressants 714 46.4
Muscle relaxants 298 18.5
Weak opioids 262 17.6
Strong opioids 119 8.4
Anticonvulsants (Pregabalin, gabapentin) 104 7.6
Self-management, physical modalities (Local and whole body warmth, thermal bathes)) 1038/1549 67.0
Aerobic exercise (Aquatic exercise, walking/jogging, swimming, cycling) 902/1555 58.0
Physical therapies, manual (Chirotherapy, osteopathy, massage, lymph drainage, physiotherapy) 853/1619 52.7
CAM – medication (Homeopathy, dietary supplements, vitamins- and mineral nutrients, other CAM-drugs) 527/1497 35.2
CAM - diet (change of diet, elimination diet, fasting cure, vegetarian diet) 513/1484 34.6
Physical therapies, technical (Acupuncture, local injections, magnetic field, laser, TENS) 452/1584 28.5
Psychotherapy (Cognitive-behavioral therapies, psychodynamic therapies,other types of psychotherapy) 368/1517 24.2
Relaxation training (Autogenic training, progressive muscle relaxation) 357/1542 23.1
CAM - movement (Yoga, Tai Chi,Qi-Gong, dance- and music therapy) 278/1510 18,4
Psychological therapies (Biofeedback, hypnosis) 19/1423 1.3
  1. * Note: The discrepancies between the number of persons in the different rows are due to missing items.