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Table 5 Invasive Interventions

From: Study protocol: The back pain outcomes using longitudinal data (BOLD) registry

Diagnostic Therapeutic- Percutaneous Therapeutic- Open Surgical
1. Myelography 1. Epidural steroid injections 1. X-stop
2. Arthrography 2. Facet injection 2. Laminectomy/ discectomy/ decompression
3. Biopsy 3. Trigger point injection 3. Posterior fusion or T-PLIF
   4. Anterior fusion
   5. Anterior and posterior fusion