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Table 1 Inclusion and Exclusion Criteria

From: Study protocol: The back pain outcomes using longitudinal data (BOLD) registry

Inclusion Criteria
1. Age ≥ 65 years
2. Primary care visit for back pain based on ICD9 code (Table 2)
Exclusion criteria:
1. Health care encounter for back pain within 6 months
2. Previously contacted for registry participation
3. Prior lumbar spine surgery
4. Developmental spine deformities
5. Inflammatory spondyloarthropathy
6. Spinal malignancy or infection
7. History of cancer within past 5 years excluding non-melanomatous skin cancer
8. History of HIV within past 5 years
9. No telephone
10. Planning on leaving Health System within the next 12 months
11. Unable to understand English
12. Severe mental impairment that would interfere with answering questions