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Table 2 Mean and standard deviation of outcome variables at baseline, end of treatment and 3 month follow up

From: The cost effectiveness of NHS physiotherapy support for occupational health (OH) services

Variable Baseline End of treatment Follow up
Clinical    
Pain intensity VAS 10.54 (9.4) 7.42 (8.5)*** 6.91 (9.4)***
GHQ 12.95 (6.1) 9.76 (4.6)*** 10.11 (5.7)***
SF-12 mental health 52.32 (11.2) 55.52 (8.5)*** 55.81 (8.5)***
SF-12 physical health 42.18 (8.5) 48.86 (7.2)*** 50.97 (7.5)***
EQ-5D 0.66 (0.2) 0.82 (0.2)*** 0.82 (0.2)***
Yellow flags    
Pain Catastrophizing 10.54 (9.41) 7.42 (8.54)*** 6.91 (9.4)***
Fear and avoidance - work 9.79 (9.5) 7.92 (8.3)*** 8.18 (8.6)***
Fear and avoidance - physical activity 11.81 (6.4) 8.31 (6.5)*** 7.63 (6.0)***
Work-related    
Sickness absence 4.6 (12.6) 2.82 (11.4)* 1.45 (9.7)*
Work performance 75.9 (19.6) 82.1 (16.2)*** 87.8 (13.2)***
  1. Statistically significant difference from baseline scores at end of treatment and follow-up using paired samples t-tests are denoted by *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001