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Table 2 Average values, reliability and minimum detectable change for cervical and scapulothoracic impairment measures

From: Reliability and group differences in quantitative cervicothoracic measures among individuals with and without chronic neck pain

Impairment measure Healthy Neck pain
  Rater 1 (Ave, SD) Rater 2 (Ave, SD) ICC (95% CI); MDC Rater 1 (Ave, SD) Rater 2 (Ave, SD) ICC (95% CI) ; MDC
Cervical AROM (degrees)
Flexion 61(8) 58(8) 0.45 (0.06-0.74); 14 48(11) 48(13) 0.69 (0.36-0.87); 16
Extension 70(14) 67(11) 0.79 (0.54-0.91); 15 56(13) 56(13) 0.78 (0.50-0.91); 16
R. Side bend 42(7) 44(8) 0.58 (0.21-0.81); 12 39(7) 43(6) 0.47 (0.06-0.75); 12
L. Side bend 46(8) 45(7) 0.79 (0.54-0.91); 9 39(7) 39(6) 0.68 (0.34-0.87); 9
R. Rotation* 87(9) 85(8) 0.69 (0.37-0.87); 12 70(11) 64(13) 0.51 (0.09-0.78); 21
L. Rotation 86(8) 84(7) 0.73 (0.43-0.88); 5 66(11) 65(13) 0.70 (0.37-0.87); 17
Cervical Muscle Strength (kg·F)
Flexion 10.8(4.7) 9.8(3.7) 0.85 (0.64-0.94); 4.4 12.2(6.3) 8.8(3.4) 0.54 (0.05-0.81); 8.7
Extension* 21.4(7.6) 18.1(6.5) 0.82 (0.15-0.95); 8.2 19.2(7.7) 12.4(4.9) 0.39 (−0.10-0.73); 12.5
R. Side bend* 18.3(7.1) 15.9(4.2) 0.67 (0.33-0.86); 9.5 15.1(4.8) 14.0(3.9) 0.56 (0.22-0.82); 7.2
L. Side bend* 18.5(6.9) 14.3(4.7) 0.72 (0.01-0.91); 9.0 14.0(5.2) 12.3(3.9) 0.72 (0.37-0.89); 6.3
Cervical Muscle Endurance (seconds)
Flexion 33.9(24.4) 39.0(25.8) 0.72 (0.42-0.88); 34.1 29.0(14.6) 28.5(16.5) 0.40 (−0.07-0.72); 27.8
Extension 229.9(109.1) 231.8(68.3) 0.03 (−0.50-0.52); 178.3 143.8(105.6) 147.6(96.4) 0.83 (0.61-0.93); 110.2
Scapulothoracic Muscle Strength (kg·F)
R. Middle Trapezius 14.0(4.9) 13.3(4.2) 0.88 (0.71-0.95); 4.2 11.7(4.6) 10.4(2.5) 0.56 (0.18-0.80); 6.1
L. Middle Trapezius 13.9(5.3) 12.9(4.0) 0.73 (0.44-0.88); 6.3 11.6(5.1) 10.0(1.8) 0.37 (−0.06-0.69); 7.0
R. Rhomboid 19.3(8.2) 17.2(7.1) 0.88 (0.62-0.96); 7.2 15.0(5.9) 12.7(4.5) 0.59 (0.21-0.82); 8.4
L. Rhomboid 20.0(8.7) 15.7(4.9) 0.58 (0.11-0.82); 11.6 14.7(5.8) 11.7(3.8) 0.33 (−0.07-0.66); 9.2
R. Lower Trapezius 12.4(5.0) 12.0(3.0) 0.63 (0.27-0.84); 6.3 10.3(3.6) 10.2(2.8) 0.78 (0.51-0.91); 3.9
L. Lower Trapezius 12.1(4.7) 12.2(3.3) 0.73 (0.44-0.89); 5.4 11.0(4.4) 9.6(2.5) 0.65 (0.28-0.85); 5.3
Scapulothoracic Muscle Length (cm)
R. Latissimus Dorsi* 6.4(5.2) 6.9(5.1) 0.91(0.78-0.96); 4.2 5.1(3.5) 10.7(4.0) 0.19 (−0.11-0.53); 7.6
L. Latissimus Dorsi* 6.1(5.0) 6.9(5.6) 0.93 (0.82-0.97); 3.8 5.6(3.6) 9.6(3.9) 0.23 (−0.11-0.57); 7.4
R. Pectoralis Minor 4.9(1.5) 4.9(1.5) 0.71 (0.40-0.87); 2.1 5.7(1.4) 5.9(1.1) 0.82 (0.59-0.93); 1.4
L. Pectoralis Minor 4.5(0.9) 4.6(0.8) 0.40 (−0.05-0.72); 1.6 5.1(1.2) 5.5(0.9) 0.68 (0.34-0.86); 1.6
  1. ICC = Intraclass correlation coefficient; 95% CI = 95% confidence interval; MDC = Minimum Detectable Change; R=right; L=left; Ave= Average measurement across subjects for each rater; SD=Standard Deviation. * indicates measures demonstrating significant rater effect, p < 0.05.