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Table 1 Inclusion and exclusion criteria

From: Efficacy of manual therapy treatments for people with cervicogenic dizziness and pain: protocol of a randomised controlled trial

Inclusion criteria:  
 - has dizziness described as imbalance related to neck movements or positions and a stiff and/or painful neck
 - has had the symptoms present for greater than 3 months
 - 18-90 years old
Exclusion criteria:
Known conditions that would put them at risk of injury:
 - inflammatory joint disease
 - spinal cord pathology
 - cervical spine infection
 - bony disease or marked osteoporosis
 - marked cervical spine disc protrusion
 - cervical spine cancer
 - acute nerve root symptoms (severe pain, weakness, pins and needles or numbness in the arm or hand for less than 6 weeks)
 - recent fracture/dislocation of the neck (in the last 3 months)
 - previous surgery to the upper cervical spine
People will also be excluded if they have the following:
 - other types or causes of dizziness, such as vertigo, light headedness, psychogenic dizziness, vertebrobasilar insufficiency
 - other causes of poor balance
 - migraines
 - physiotherapy or similar treatment to the neck in the previous month
 - current pregnancy
 - compensable cases
 - inability to speak or read English