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Table 2 Characteristics of the participants in the Stockholm Public Health Cohort, and in age sub-groups

From: The age- and sex-specific occurrence of bothersome neck pain in the general population – results from the Stockholm public health cohort

  All Age 18–29 Age 30–39 Age 40–49 Age 50–59 Age 60–69 Age 70–84
  (n = 23,794) (n = 3,374) (n = 4,751) (n = 4,276) (n = 5,087) (n = 3,639) (n = 2,667)
Characteristics        
Women, % 56 60 60 56 55 50 56
Age, mean (SD) 48 (16) - - - - - -
Living alone, % 20 20 15 12 18 25 39
No parent responsibility for children under the age of 25, % 57 83 33 19 53 88 92
Home and household work ≥ 3h/day, % 13 5 12 14 8 16 26
Born abroad (Immigrant), % 16 11 14 20 16 17 14
Unemployed, % 3 4 3 3 3 1 0
Retired, % 20 0 1 3 7 51 92
Student, % 6 30 5 2 0 0 0
Strained financial situation a, % 14 33 19 16 8 5 3
Daily smoking, % 15 13 12 19 20 15 9
No alcohol the preceding year, % 10 9 8 8 8 11 19
Body Mass Index, mean (SD) 25 (4) 23 (4) 24 (4) 25 (5) 26 (4) 26 (4) 25 (4)
Sedentary leisure time b, % 14 15 15 16 14 11 14
Regular exercise in leisure time c, % 13 22 14 13 11 12 8
Psychological distress d, % 21 33 28 23 19 11 11
Much stress at work e, % 32 28 43 45 40 16 1
Bad general health, % 5 3 3 5 6 5 6
Pain from the lower back at least 2 days per week the preceding six months, % 17 11 12 16 19 20 26
  1. aObliged to borrow money from relatives or friends to pay the rent or food once or more often, during the preceding year.
  2. bWalking, bicycling, etc. less than two hours per week.
  3. cRunning, swimming, tennis, badminton, workout etc. at least three times a week, and for at least 30 minutes each time
  4. dGHQ-12 score ≥3.
  5. eNo time to talk or even think of anything else but work due to stressful work situation, in 50% of the working time or more.