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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of subjects (n = 42)

From: Manual therapy followed by specific active exercises versus a placebo followed by specific active exercises on the improvement of functional disability in patients with chronic non specific low back pain: a randomized controlled trial

Variable Sham therapy + Active exercises Manual therapy + Active exercises
(n = 20) (n = 22)
Age (yrs) 42 ± 12 44 ± 12
Gender, ♀ (#, (%)) 6 (30) 8 (36)
Body Weight (kg) 76 ± 13 71 ± 13
Body Height (cm) 174 ± 8 171 ± 9
Body Mass Index (kg/m2) 25 ± 5 24 ± 3
On Sick leaves (#, (%)) 3 (15) 4 (18)
Smokers (#, (%)) 4 (20) 6 (27)
  1. All values are means ± SD, except for gender, on sick leaves and smokers.