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Table 1 Population characteristics

From: Cardiovascular disease prevalence in patients with inflammatory arthritis, diabetes mellitus and osteoarthritis: a cross-sectional study in primary care

  IA DM OA Controls
  (n = 1,518) (n = 11,959) (n = 4,040) (n = 158,439)
Mean age, years 60.3** 65.8** 69.8** 51.0
Female gender,% 64.1** 51.9* 68.7** 50.4
AMI,% 1.8** 2.8** 1.5** 0.7
TIA,% 2.0** 2.2** 2.0** 0.6
CVA,% 3.0** 3.7** 2.7** 0.9
Total CVD,% 6.5** 8.1** 5.8** 2.0
Hypertension,% 30.9** 47.7** 38.5** 13.3
Hypercholesterolemia,% 10.8** 24.0** 13.3** 4.8
Use of anti-hypertensive agents,% 36.4** 60.6** 45.0** 14.6
Use of statins,% 15.7** 48.8** 20.0** 6.0
Inflammatory arthritis,% 1.5 1.6
Diabetes mellitus,% 11.5 16.5
Osteoarthritis,% 4.4 5.6
  1. * p < 0.01; ** p < 0.001 (compared to controls) DM, diabetes mellitus; IA, inflammatory arthritis; OA, knee- and/or hip osteoarthritis; AMI, acute myocardial infarction; TIA, transient ischemic attack; CVA, cerebrovascular accident; CVD, cardiovascular disease.