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Table 1 Back-specific exercises program

From: Randomized controlled trial of postoperative exercise rehabilitation program after lumbar spine fusion: study protocol

Phase Back specific exercises Goal of the exercise
I 1. Squat (SP, EB) MS
2. Abdominal crunch (SUP) ME
3. Hip abduction (CLP) CNSP
4. Hip abduction and external rotation (SLP, EB) CNSP/ME
5. Hip extension (PRO) CNSP
6. Hip extension (FPKP, EB) Sets x Repetitions: 2 x 10-15-20 CNSP/ME
II 1. Squat (SP, EB) MS
2. &3. Bilateral shoulder extension and flexion (SP, EB) ME/MS
4. Heel slide or leg lift and knee extension with one leg (SUP) CNSP
5. Hip extension or hip extension and knee extension (CLP) CNSP/ME
6. Hip abduction (SLP, EB) CNSP/ME
7. Hip extension (EB) or bird dog exercise (FPKP) Sets x Repetitions: 2 x 10-15-20 CNSP/ME
III 1. Squat (SP, EB) MS
2. & 3. Bilateral shoulder extension and flexion (SP, EB) ME/MS
4. Leg lift and knee extension with one leg (SUP) CNSP
5. Hip extension and knee extension (CLP) CNSP/ME
6. Bird dog exercise (FPKP) CNSP/ME
7. Hip abduction (SP) Sets x Repetitions: 2–3 x 10-15-20 CNSP/ME
IV 1. Squat (EB) or forward lunge (SP) MS
2. Waiters bow exercise with elastic band (SP, EB) MS
3. & 4. Bilateral shoulder extension and flexion (SP, EB) ME/MS
5. & 6. Unilateral shoulder horizontal adduction and abduction (SIP, EB) CNSP/ME
7. Hip abduction (SP, EB) Sets x Repetitions: 2–3 x 10-15-20 CNSP/ME
V 1. Forward lunge (SP) ME/MS
2. Waiters bow exercise (SP, EB) MS
3. & 4. Unilateral shoulder horizontal adduction and abduction (SP, EB) CNSP/ME
5.& 6 Downward chop and upward chop (SIP, EB) CNSP/ME
7. Hip abduction (SP, EB) Sets x Repetitions: 2-3-4 x 10-15-20 CNSP/ME
VI 1. Forward lunge (SP) ME/MS
2. Waiters bow exercise (SP, EB) MS
3. & 4. Unilateral shoulder horizontal adduction and abduction (SP, EB) CNSP/ME
5. & 6. Downward chop and upward chop (SP, EB) Sets x Repetitions: 2-3-4 x 10-15-20 CNSP/ME
  1. SP, standing position; SUP, supine position; CLP, crook lying position; SLP, side lying position; PRO, prone position; FPKP, four-point kneeling position; SIP, sitting position; EB, with elastic band resistance; MS, muscle strength; ME, muscle endurance; CNSP, control of the neutral lumbar spine position.