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Table 2 Outcome measures

From: Effects of home-based resistance training and neuromuscular electrical stimulation in knee osteoarthritis: a randomized controlled trial

  NMES (n = 10) RT (n = 10) Control (n = 6)
  Week 1 Week 8 Week 14 Week 1 Week 8 Week 14 Week 1 Week 8 Week 14
Walk Test (s) 15.43±3.61 13.85±3.79* 13.08±4.08* 16.81±3.39 14.07±3.40* 14.50±3.71* 16.64±3.64 16.30±3.58 11.55±4.10
Chair Rise Test (s) 7.37±2.05 6.35±1.46* 5.79±1.20* 8.33±1.45 5.97±0.58* 6.18±1.05* 8.16±2.23 8.01±2.17 5.20±1.11
Stair Climb Test (s) 14.31±5.11 11.87±4.21* 12.48±6.44* 15.12±5.32 11.78±4.54* 11.84±5.03* 13.27±5.36 13.06±5.84 9.63±2.99
WOMAC Physical Function 41.04±11.60 33.88±12.66 31.50±12.63* 31.68±12.92 33.91±12.91 31.50±14.40 31.67±17.95 26.11±15.33 21.67±18.90
WOMAC Pain 11.50±3.50 8.88±3.29* 8.50±2.72 11.05±3.02 10.78±4.31 9.60±4.14 9.00±3.65 8.33±4.36 8.33±4.08
WOMAC Stiffness 5.17±2.17 3.92±2.15 4.10±2.18 5.23±0.68 4.73±1.74 4.45±2.24 5.22±1.72 4.11±1.83 4.00±2.37
SF-36 Physical Health 39.25±16.95 50.50±16.60* 47.60±10.73 39.73±16.51 50.00±23.12 53.20±25.09 51.78±24.34 56.00±24.74 67.83±21.71
SF-36 Mental Health 60.67±26.45 70.67±21.84 65.40±12.98 56.36±21.91 66.64±20.36 65.30±24.91 62.00±25.41 65.00±27.77 70.50±22.40
Isometric Peak Torque (Nm) 88.16±31.21 92.59±36.66 86.65±31.21 82.55±22.39 87.16±17.84 86.87±21.44 92.99±47.89 100.30±32.80 97.35±44.76
Isokinetic Peak Torque (Nm) 67.33±19.42 71.37±23.89 66.36±20.18 64.52±21.74 71.79±17.27 70.91±21.83 75.10±28.45 75.91±28.83 77.80±47.45
Quadriceps CSA (mm2) 4061±721 4279±784*   4335±610 4521±651*     
  1. Values are mean ± standard deviation.
  2. * P significant vs. week 1 (P < 0.0056).
  3. NMES, Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation Group; RT, Resistance Training Group; WOMAC, Western Ontario McMaster Osteoarthritis index.
  4. SF-36, Short Form 36; CSA: Cross-sectional area.
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