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Table 3 Comparing the clusters in this study with subgroups in previous studies on patients with LBP

From: Clustering patients on the basis of their individual course of low back pain over a six month period

Langworthy[34] Chen[35] Tamcan[36] Dunn[38] Kongsted[5] This study
Constant pain Continous high Severe persistent Severe
chronic
  
   Moderate persistent    Cluster 4
   Mild
persistent
Mild
persistent
Unchanged,
improves
thereafter
Clusters 1 & 3
Fluctuating pain Fluctuating Fluctuating Fluctuating Improved,
Fluctuates
thereafter
Cluster 3
Cluster 1
    Recovering Improved,
remains so
Cluster 2
  Large reduction     Cluster 4