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Table 5 Odds ratio of possible and probable carpal tunnel syndrome combined for joint effects of body mass index and serum lipids or hypertension in subjects aged 30-44 (N = 2132)

From: Associations of cardiovascular risk factors, carotid intima-media thickness and manifest atherosclerotic vascular disease with carpal tunnel syndrome

Characteristic Sample Cases OR 95% CI
BMI (kg/m2) and LDL cholesterol (mg/dL)     
   BMI <25 and LDL cholesterol <129 550 8 1  
   BMI ≥25 and LDL cholesterol <129 355 8 1.5 0.5-4.1
   BMI <25 and LDL cholesterol ≥130 532 10 1.2 0.4-3.3
   BMI ≥25 and LDL cholesterol ≥130 594 21 2.7 1.2-6.4
BMI (kg/m2) and triglycerides (mg/dL)     
   BMI <25 and triglycerides ≤150 945 16 1  
   BMI ≥25 and triglycerides ≤150 550 14 1.5 0.7-3.4
   BMI <25 and triglycerides >150 137 2 0.9 0.2-4.7
   BMI ≥25 and triglycerides >150 399 15 2.9 1.3-6.4
BMI (kg/m2) and blood pressure     
   BMI <25 and normal blood pressure 1062 17 1  
   BMI ≥25 and normal blood pressure 881 23 1.8 0.9-3.4
   BMI <25 and high blood pressure 27 1 2.2 0.2-19.0
   BMI ≥25 and high blood pressure 71 6 5.9 2.1-16.3
BMI (kg/m2) and insulin resistance *     
   BMI <25 and low insulin resistance 1819 55 1  
   BMI ≥25 and low insulin resistance 1057 42 1.5 0.6-3.2
   BMI <25 and high insulin resistance 745 27 0.6 0.2-2.0
   BMI ≥25 and high insulin resistance 2225 98 2.1 1.1-4.0
  1. * Insulin resistance (serum insulin × glucose/22.5) was dichotomized using the median
  2. Odds ratios are adjusted for age, sex, education, handgrip with high forces and work using vibrating tools