Skip to main content

Table 3 Adjusted odds ratios (OR) of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) according to vascular disease and carotid intima-media thickness.

From: Associations of cardiovascular risk factors, carotid intima-media thickness and manifest atherosclerotic vascular disease with carpal tunnel syndrome

Cardiovascular disease Sample Possible and probable CTS combined Probable CTS Operated
   Cases OR 95% CI Cases OR 95% CI Cases OR 95% CI
Coronary artery disease           
   No 5774 209 1   52 1   75   
   Yes 480 34 1.3 0.7-2.2 10 1.5 0.6-3.4 4 0.3 0.1-0.9
Intermittent claudication           
   No 6175 237 1   60 1   78 1  
   Yes 79 6 1.4 0.5-3.6 2 2.1 0.4-9.0 1 0.4 0.1-2.7
Cerebrovascular disease           
   No 6073 230 1   56 1   78 1  
   Yes 181 13 1.2 0.5-2.4 6 2.4 0.8-7.1 1 0.3 0.1-2.3
Heart failure           
   No 6126 230 1   59 1   77 1  
   Yes 128 13 1.2 0.5-2.7 3 1.1 0.3-4.2 2 0.6 0.1-2.6
Arrhythmia           
   No 5916 221 1   56 1   75 1  
   Yes 338 22 1.0 0.6-1.8 6 1.2 0.4-3.4 4 0.6 0.2-1.9
Valvular heart disease           
   No 6078 229 1   57 1   77 1  
   Yes 176 14 1.6 0.7-3.4 5 2.3 0.7-6.4 2 0.7 0.1-3.2
Carotid intima-media thickness           
Mean IMT, per each standard deviation (0.23 mm) increase 1353 55 1.3 0.99-1.8 14 1.7 1.1-2.6 16 1.4 0.9-2.2
  1. A separate model was run for each characteristic and the odds ratios obtained were adjusted for age, sex, education, somatization, handgrip with high forces and work using vibrating tools