Skip to main content

Table 2 Primary and secondary outcomes results of the symptomatic phase of treatments (non-randomised intervention).

From: A randomised controlled trial of preventive spinal manipulation with and without a home exercise program for patients with chronic neck pain

Outcome measures Before treatments After treatments Difference p value
Mean pain: VAS (SD), cm 3.4 ± 2.3 [0-8.1] 2.3 ± 1.9 [0-8.5] 1.1 p = 0.0003
NDI (SD) 22.9 ± 9.3 [0-52] 18.0 ± 9.6 [0-44] 4.9 p = 0.0005
BQ (SD) 25.3 ± 11.6 [2-57] 18.9 ± 10.9 [2-56] 6.5 p = 0.0001
Range of motion (°)     
Rotation (SD) 115.2 ± 17.6 [65-151] 121.7 ± 17.4 [73-160] 6.5 p = 0.0161
Lateral flexion (SD) 63.9 ± 17.0 [28-104] 66.3 ± 15.3 [23-110] 2.4 p = 0.3423
Flexion-extension (SD) 119.4 ± 19.0 [52-166] 105.3 ± 20.5 [52-151] 14.1 p < 0.0001
  1. Mean values, standard deviation as well as minimal and maximal values are indicated.