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Table 4 Risk* of disability pension according to sociodemographic and diagnostic predictors separately for men and women

From: Gender differences in disability after sickness absence with musculoskeletal disorders: five-year prospective study of 37,942 women and 26,307 men

  Men     Women   
Variables HR 95% CI   HR 95% CI
Age ref < 40 years        
40-49 4.15 3.64 4.73   3.76 3.42 4.13
50-59 10.35 9.11 11.75   7.34 6.65 8.09
60-62 15.29 12.91 18.10   9.14 8.00 10.43
Education ref: > 15 years        
< = 9 years 1.82 1.51 2.20   1.67 1.49 1.87
10-12 years 1.59 1.33 1.92   1.42 1.28 1.57
12-15 years 1.36 1.13 1.63   1.20 1.08 1.33
Annual income (NOK) Ref >275 000        
< 124 999 1.39 1.15 1.69   1.12 0.94 1.33
125 000-199 999 1.73 1.53 1.94   1.45 1.23 1.70
200 000-274 999 1.52 1.36 1.68   1.34 1.14 1.58
Weekly working hrs, ref full time        
1-19 2.86 2.47 3.31   1.82 1.69 1.95
20-30 1.80 1.46 2.22   1.15 1.08 1.24
Caring for children        
No children 1.20 1.10 1.31   1.30 1.21 1.39
Diagnosis, ref back disorders        
Rheumatic disease 2.08 1.78 2.43   2.16 1.94 2.40
Osteoarthrosis 1.45 1.23 1.71   1.36 1.20 1.54
Myalgia/fibromyalgia 1.29 1.03 1.61   1.78 1.61 1.97
Neck problems 1.29 1.14 1.45   1.01 0.93 1.10
Other 0.88 0.75 1.03   0.88 0.80 0.96
Extremities 0.82 0.74 0.90   0.74 0.69 0.80
Fractures/injuries 0.55 0.49 0.62   0.47 0.42 0.53
  1. N = 26,307 men and 37,942 women sickness absent > 8 weeks with musculoskeletal followed up for 5 years
  2. * Hazards ratio [HR] with 95% confidence interval [95%CI]