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Table 1 Costs of each form of therapy used for treating non-specific chronic neck pain (NP), back pain (BP) and shoulder pain (SP).

From: Avoidable costs of physical treatments for chronic back, neck and shoulder pain within the Spanish National Health Service: a cross-sectional study

   NP: 8308 cases BP: 4693 cases SP: 5035 cases Total: 18036 cases
  Unit costa (€) (U) N° of Procedures (P) N° of Sessions (S) Costs (€) (UxPxS) N° of Procedures (P) N° of Sessions (S) Costs (€) (UxPxS) N° of Procedures (P) N° of Sessions (S) Costs (€) (UxPxS) Total N° of Procedures Total Costs (€)
Exercises 1.25 10440b 30 391509 6613b 30 248006 7194b 35 314729 18036 954243
Manual mobilization 4.5 7366 30 994379 3500 30 472489 3056 35 481346 13922 1948214
Thermotherapy 2 4392 30 263544 2807 30 168405 1591 35 111394 8791 543344
TENS 1 3885 30 116563 2006 30 60180 2435 35 85219 8326 261963
Ultrasounds 1.25 3386 30 126972 1686 30 63209 2665 35 116574 7736 306754
Hot compresses 1.25 1983 30 74371 1123 30 42130 944 35 41318 4051 157819
Electrical stimulation 2.5 1857 30 139265 1453 30 108975 1170 35 102340 4479 350579
Traction 1 1230 30 36907 281 30 8432 249 35 8699 1760 54037
Short wave 2.5 948 30 71082 418 30 31363 1594 35 139506 2960 241951
Cutaneous laser 3 311 30 27964 120 30 10772 688 35 72198 1118 110935
Iontophoresis 2.5 216 30 16223 152 30 11420 740 35 64778 1109 92421
Magnetotherapy 3 198 30 17862 270 30 24340 412 35 43255 881 85458
Total   36213   2276642 20430   1249722 22737   1581356 79381 5107720
  1. National Health Service in the Canary Islands (ISCH), 2004 to 2007
  2. a Unit costs 1 session for 1 procedure or case
  3. bNo. of procedures for exercises are higher than the number of cases for NP, BP and SP due to different types of specific exercises prescribed, with additional costs, for the same case.