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Table 1 Clinical outcomes used for measurement of treatment effect on muscle strategy, function and treatment modifiers

From: Neck exercises, physical and cognitive behavioural-graded activity as a treatment for adult whiplash patients with chronic neck pain: Design of a randomised controlled trial

Test description Purpose
The craniocervical flexion test [50], measured with biopressure feedback transducer (range22-30 mmHg) To test changed neuromuscular control of the neck
Neck joint position error test [51, 52], measured with a laser pointing at a target in cm To test change in neck positioning sense
Gaze stability test [17, 53] measured positive when provoking symptoms as dizziness, nausea or changes in vision or an inability to maintain focus To test change in head and eye coordination
Cervical range of movement [54], measured with an inclinometer in degrees To test change of neck mobility
Mechanical allodynia [5557] measured with Pressure Pain Threshold (PPT) transducer in selected standardised tender points in different body regions To test for potential treatment modifiers