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Table 5 Available items of Activity of Daily Living in each cohort

From: European Project on Osteoarthritis (EPOSA): methodological challenges in harmonization of existing data from five European population-based cohorts on aging

ADL item ActiFE ProVa LASA Peñagrande HCS
Walk up/down stairs + + + + +
Cut your toe nails + + + - +
Dress/undress + + + + -
Sit down/rise from a chair + + + + -
Walk outside without rest + - + - -
Use own/public transportation + - + + -
Take shower/bath + + + + +
Light housework + - - - -
Walk into room - + - + -
Eating/using cutlery - + - + -
Use toilet - + - + -
Raising arms above head - + - + +
Use fingers to catch/handle small things - + - + -
Running to catch a bus - - - + -
Heavy housework - - - + -
Preparing a hot meal - - - + +
Shopping/carrying a bag/weight > 5 kg + + - + +
  1. ActiFE: study on Activity and Function in the Elderly in Ulm, ProVA: Progetto Veneto Anziani study, LASA: Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam, Peñagrande: Ageing in Peñagrande, HCS: Hertfordshire Cohort Study. The items in bold were used to construct the variable "number of ADL limitations" in EPOSA.