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Table 3 Comparisons of scapular kinematics during bilateral arm elevation in subjects with chronic neck pain.a

From: Influence of pain location and hand dominance on scapular kinematics and EMG activities: an exploratory study

Scapular kinematics Effect F P Observed power
Internal/external rotation Dominanceb 0.84 0.37 0.14
  Phaseb 8.91 0.00* 1.00
  Groupb 0.62 0.55 0.14
  Dominance*Group 0.40 0.68 0.11
  Phase*Group 1.37 0.21 0.69
  Dominance*Phase 2.35 0.00* 0.71
  Dominance*Phase*Group 0.61 0.86 0.31
Downward/upward rotation Dominanceb 0.25 0.62 0.08
  Phaseb 36.80 0.00* 1.00
  Groupb 0.70 0.50 0.16
  Dominance*Group 1.13 0.34 0.23
  Phase*Group 1.59 0.12 0.78
  Dominance*Phase 3.08 0.02* 0.84
  Dominance*Phase*Group 0.68 0.78 0.35
Posterior/anterior tilt Dominanceb 14.29 0.001* 0.95
  Phaseb 18.68 0.00* 1.00
  Groupb 1.70 0.20 0.33
  Dominance*Group 0.96 0.40 0.20
  Phase*Group 1.08 0.40 0.56
  Dominance*Phase 4.92 0.002* 0.97
  Dominance*Phase*Group 1.72 0.09 0.81
  1. a Repeated measures ANOVA
  2. b Dominance effect: right handed vs. left handed; Phase effect: humeral ascending and descending phases; Group effect: neck pain on dominant side/non-dominant side/both sides
  3. *: P value < 0.05