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Table 1 International studies reporting the prevalence of MSD among school teachers

From: A systematic review of musculoskeletal disorders among school teachers

Body Site Prevalence (%) Recall Perioda Participants Sample size Response Rate (%)b Country Yearc Study Designd Author (s)
Any 51.4 NS Primary, secondary and high school teachers   900* Turkey 2011 CS Korkmaz et al [15]
  95.1 1 month Primary and secondary school teachers 6 000 28.5 China 2010 CS Chong & Chan [14]
  68.0 NS Music teachers 580 87.1 Australia 2010 CS Allsop & Ackland [7]
  55.0 NS Primary and secondary school teachers 4 697 95.1 Brazil 2009 CS Cardoso et al [3]
  77.0 12 months Music teachers 61 77 Sweden 2009 CS Edling & Fjellman-Wiklund [20]
  91.0 NS Music teachers 1 600 3.5 US 2008 CS Yoshimura et al [17]
  42.0 NS School teachers 100 100 Germany 2005 CS Seibt et al[33]
  82 12 months Music teachers 287 72.5 Sweden 2003 CS Fjellman-Wiklund et al [19]
  66.7 12 months School teachers 359 74.6 Estonia 2002 CC Pihl et al[16]
  51.2 12 months Physical education teachers 359 74.6 Estonia 2002 CC Pihl et al[16]
  40.0 NS Nursery school teachers   224* Sweden 1998 CS Brulin et al[13]
  40.0 NS School teachers   510* Sweden 1998 CS Brulin et al[13]
  92.0 12 months Music teachers 61 58.1 Sweden 1998 CS Fjellman-Wiklund & Sundelin [18]
  80.0 12 months Music teachers 62 98.4 Sweden 1998 CS Fjellman-Wiklund & Sundelin [18]
  78.0 NS Preschool teachers 22 95.4 US 1995   Grant et al[11]
Neck only 42.5 NS Primary, secondary and high school teachers   900* Turkey 2011 CS Korkmaz et al [15]
  68.9 1 month Primary and secondary school teachers 6 000 28.5 China 2010 CS Chong & Chan [14]
  47.0 12 months Music teachers 61 77 Sweden 2009 CS Edling and Fjellman-Wiklund [20]
  69.3 Life-long Secondary school teachers 5 680 54.6 China 2007 CS Chiu & Lam [9]
  66.7 12 months        
  59.7 Since becoming a teacher        
  68.2 Life-long Secondary school teachers 1 500 44.8 China 2006 CS Chiu et al [6]
  64.4 12 months        
  56.8 Since becoming a teacher        
  59.0 12 months Music teachers 287 72.5 Sweden 2003 CS Fjellman-Wiklund et al [19]
  30.0 7 days        
  33.3 12 months School teachers 359 74.6 Estonia 2002 CS Pihl et al[16]
  9.3 12 months Physical education teachers 359 74.6 Estonia 2002 CS Pihl et al[16]
  44.4 12 months Music teachers 61 58.1 Sweden 1998 CS Fjellman-Wiklund & Sundelin [18]
  38.9 12 months Music teachers 62 98.4 Sweden 1998 CS Fjellman-Wiklund & Sundelin [18]
Shoulder only 28.7 NS Primary, secondary and high school teachers   900* Turkey 2011 CS Korkmaz et al [15]
  73.4 1 month Primary and secondary school teachers 6 000 28.5 China 2010 CS Chong & Chan [14]
  28.0 12 months Music teachers 61 77 Sweden 2009 CS Edling et al[20]
  55.0 12 months Music teachers 287 72.5 Sweden 2003 CS Fjellman-Wiklund e al[19]
  31.0 7 days        
  7.8 12 months School teachers 359 74.6 Estonia 2002 CC Pihl et al[16]
  18.6 12 months Physical education teachers 359 74.6 Estonia 2002 CC Pihl et al[16]
  55.6 12 months Music teachers 61 58.1 Sweden 1998 CS Fjellman-Wiklund & Sundelin [18]
  38.9 12 months Music teachers 62 98.4 Sweden 1998 CS Fjellman-Wiklund & Sundelin [18]
  22 After being on duty Nursery school teachers 1 059 73 Japan 1981 CS Nagira et al [32]
Neck and/or shoulder 25 - 35.4 1 month Nursery school teachers 1 445 99.5 Japan 2002 CS Ono et at[21]
  33.0   Preschool teachers 22 95.4 United States 1995   Grant et al[11]
Upper limbs 8.0 (elbows) NS Primary, secondary and high school teachers   900 respondents Turkey 2011 CS Korkmaz et al [15]
  13.0
(wrist only)
NS Primary, secondary and high school teachers   900* Turkey 2011 CS Korkmaz et al [15]
  43.9 (arm) I month Primary and secondary school teachers 6 000 28.5 China 2010 CS Chong & Chan [14]
  23.7 NS Primary and secondary school teachers 4 697 95.1 Brazil 2009 CS Cardoso et al [3]
  19.0 (elbows) 12 months Music teachers 61 77 Sweden 2009 CS Edling et al[20]
  15.0 (hands) 12 months Music teachers 61 77 Sweden 2009 CS Edling et al[20]
  35.8 Life-long Secondary school teachers 5,680 54.6 China 2007 CS Chiu & Lam [9]
  33.3 12 months        
  31.8 Since becoming a teacher        
  72.1 NS Teachers for physically and intellectually disabled pupils 1 663 84.8 Japan 2003 CS Yamamoto et al[22]
  18.0 (elbows) 12 months Music teachers 287 72.5 Sweden 2003 CS Fjellman-Wiklund et al [19]
  8.0 (elbows) 7 days        
  20.0 (hands) 12 months Music teachers 287 72.5 Sweden 2003 CS Fjellman-Wiklund et al [19]
  13.0 (hands) 7 days        
  9.1 - 17.7 (arms) 1 month Nursery school teachers 1 445 99.5 Japan 2002 CS Ono et al[21]
  22.2 (elbows) 12 months Music teachers 61 58.1 Sweden 1998 CS Fjellman-Wiklund & Sundelin [18]
  22.2 (hands) 12 months Music teachers 61 58.1 Sweden 1998 CS Fjellman-Wiklund & Sundelin [18]
  11.1 (elbows) 12 months Music teachers 62 98.4 Sweden 1998 CS Fjellman-Wiklund & Sundelin [18]
  19.4 (hands) 12 months Music teachers 62 98.4 Sweden 1998 CS Fjellman-Wiklund & Sundelin [18]
  11.0 (hand/wrist) NS Preschool teachers    US 1995   Grant et al[11]
Back 36.9
(upper back)
NS Primary, secondary and high school teachers   900* Turkey 2011 CS Korkmaz et al [15]
  43.8
(lower back)
NS Primary, secondary and high school teachers   900* Turkey 2011 CS Korkmaz et al [15]
  52.5 (upper back) 1 month Primary and secondary school teachers 6 000 28.5 China 2010 CS Chong & Chan [14]
  59.2 (lower back) 1 month Primary and secondary school teachers 6 000 28.5 China 2010 CS Chong & Chan [14]
  40.4 12 months Primary school teachers   272* Malaysia 2010 CS Samad et al[1]
  32.0 (upper back) 12 months Music teachers 61 77 Sweden 2009 CS Edling et al[20]
  49.0 (lower back) 12 months Music teachers 61 77 Sweden 2009 CS Edling et al[20]
  41.1 NS Primary and secondary school teachers 4 697 95.1 Brazil 2009 CS Cardoso et al [3]
  52.4 NS Teachers in a special school for the severe handicaps 50 88   2009 CS Wong et al[24]
  53.3 NS Secondary school teachers 992 52.2 Philippines 2007 CS Atlas et al[8]
  34.8 6 months School teachers 1 869 52.1 France 2006 CS Kovess-
Masfety et al [28]
  45.7 1 month School teachers for physically and mentally handicapped children 1 869 56.3 Japan 2006 CS Muto et al[25]
  63.0 NS Physical education teachers   562* Greece 2004 CS Stergioulas et al [23]
  50.0 Life-long Primary school teachers 492 78 China 2004 CS Jin et al[27]
  40.0 12 months        
  22.0 1 week        
  35.0 (upper back) 12 months Music teachers 287 72.5 Sweden 2003 CS Fjellman-Wiklund et al [19]
  21.0 (upper back) 7 days        
  45.0 (lower back) 12 months Music teachers 287 72.5 Sweden 2003 CS Fjellman-Wiklund et al [19]
  23.0 (lower back) 7 days        
  76.7 NS Teachers for physically and intellectually disabled pupils 1 663 84.8 Japan 2003 CS Yamamoto et al [22]
  4.7 (lower back) 12 months Physical education teachers 359 74.6 Estonia 2002 CC Pihl et al[16]
  11.8 (lower back) 12 months School teachers 359 74.6 Estonia 2002 CC Pihl et al[16]
  43.0 12 months Nursery school teacher 10 351 62.7 Japan 2002 CS Tsuboi et al[5]
  20.6 12 months Elementary, junior and senior high school teachers 10 351 62.7 Japan 2002 CS Tsuboi et al[5]
  33.3 (upper back) 12 months Music teachers 61 58.1 Sweden 1998 CS Fjellman-Wiklund & Sundelin [18]
  55.6 (lower back) 12 months Music teacher 61 58.1 Sweden 1998 CS Fjellman-Wiklund & Sundelin [18]
  50.0 (lower back) 12 months Music teacher 62 98.4 Sweden 1998 CS Fjellman-Wiklund & Sundelin [18]
  25.0 (upper back) 12 months Music teachers 62 98.4 Sweden 1998 CS Fjellman-Wiklund & Sundelin [18]
  17.7 1 month Nursery school teachers 2 829 98.9 Japan 1997 CS Ono et al[26]
  61.0 NS Preschool teachers 22 95.4 US 1995   Grant et al[11]
  39.2 (low back pain) 1 month Nursery school teachers 1 059 73 Japan 1981 CS Nagira et al[32]
Lower limb/extremities 8.4 (hip) NS Primary, secondary and high school teachers   900* Turkey 2011 CS Korkmaz et al [15]
  32.0 (knees) NS Primary, secondary and high school teachers   900* Turkey 2011 CS Korkmaz et al [15]
  21.8 (ankles) NS Primary, secondary and high school teachers   900* Turkey 2011 CS Korkmaz et al [15]
  54.6 (leg pain during physical activity) 1 month Primary and secondary school teachers 6 000 28.5 China 2010 CS Chong & Chan [14]
  41.1 NS Preschool & primary school teachers 4 697 95.1 Brazil 2009 CS Cardoso et al [3]
  12.0 (hips) 12 months Music teachers 287 72.5 Sweden 2003 CS Fjellman-Wiklund et al [19]
  4.0 7 days        
  16.0 (knees) 12 months Music teachers 287 72.5 Sweden 2003 CS Fjellman-Wiklund et al [19]
  5.0 7 days        
  9.0 (feet) 12 months Music teachers 287 72.5 Sweden 2003 CS Fjellman-wiklund et al [19]
  3.0 7 days        
  2.3 (hip) 12 months Physical education teachers 359 74.6 Estonia 2002 CC Pihl et al[16]
  3.9 (hip) 12 months School teachers 359 74.6 Estonia 2002 CC Pihl et al[16]
  14.0 (knees) 12 months Physical education teachers 359 74.6 Estonia 2002 CC Pihl et al[16]
  7.8 (knees) 12 months School teachers 359 74.6 Estonia 2002 CC Pihl et al[16]
  8.3 (hips) 12 months Music teachers 61 58.1 Sweden 1998 CS Fjellman-Wiklund & Sundelin [18]
  13.9 (knees) 12 months Music teachers 61 58.1 Sweden 1998 CS Fjellman-Wiklund & Sundelin [18]
  5.5 (feet) 12 months Music teachers 61 58.1 Sweden 1998 CS Fjellman-Wiklund & Sundelin [18]
  13.9 (hips) 12 months Music teachers 62 98.4 Sweden 1998 CS Fjellman-Wiklund & Sundelin [18]
  8.3 (knees) 12 months Music teachers 62 98.4 Sweden 1998 CS Fjellman-Wiklund & Sundelin [18]
  5.5 (feet) 12 months Music teachers 62 98.4 Sweden 1998 CS Fjellman-Wiklund & Sundelin [18]
  33.0 NS Preschool teachers 22 95.4 US 1995   Grant et al[11]
  1. a Recall period (NS = Not Specified)
  2. b Response rate of the study (*Total number of respondents listed as the response rate was not provided)
  3. c Publication year
  4. d Study design (CS = Cross sectional, CC = Case Control)