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Table 2 Kinematics

From: Generation of subject-specific, dynamic, multisegment ankle and foot models to improve orthotic design: a feasibility study

Number Landmark/Location Label Name Marker Size (mm) Barefoot trials only (B) or shod and barefoot (S)
1 Right iliac crest RAIC 19 S
2 Left iliac crest LAIC 19 S
3 Right posterior superior iliac spine RPSI 19 S
4 Left posterior superior iliac spine LPSI 19 S
5 Right greater trochanter RGT 12 S
6 Left greater trochanter LGT 12 S
7 Thigh 1st THI1 19 S
8 Thigh 2nd THI2 19 S
9 Lateral knee LKNE 12 S
10 Tibial tuberosity TTUB 7 S
11 Head of fibula HFIB 7 S
12 Shin 1st SHN1 19 S
13 Shin 2nd SHN2 19 S
14 Superior calcaneum SCAL 7 S
15 Inferior calcaneum ICAL 7 S
16 Medial malleolus MMAL 7 S
17 Medial calcaneum MCAL 7 S
18 Tuberosity navicular NAV 7 S
19 Proximal 1st met head P1MT 7 B
20 Central 1st met C1MT 7 (on 20 mm wand) B
21 Medial 1st met head M1MT 7 S
22 Lateral 1st met head L1MH 7 B
23 Hallux 1st HLX1 7 B
24 Hallux 2nd HLX2 7 B
25 Hallux 3rd HLX3 7 B
26 Lateral malleolus LMAL 7 S
27 Lateral calcaneum LCAL 7 S
28 Cuboid CUB 7 B
29 Proximal 5th met P5MT 7 S
30 Distal 5th met D5MT 4 S
31 Intermediate cuneiform ICUN 7 B
32 Lateral cuneiform LCUN 7 B
33 2nd met head D2MT 4 B
34 3rd met head D3MT 4 B
35 4th met head D4MT 4 B
36 2nd proximal phalanx D2PP 4 B
37 3rd proximal phalanx D3PP 4 B
38 4th proximal phalanx D4PP 4 B
39 5th proximal phalanx D5PP 4 B
40 2nd distal phalanx (on nail) D2DP 4 B
41 3rd distal phalanx (on nail) D3DP 4 B
42 4th distal phalanx (on nail) D4DP 4 B
43 5th distal phalanx (on nail) D5DP 4 B
  1. Overview of the kinematic marker set