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Table 6 Prevalence odds ratios for consequences of musculoskeletal problems by instrument groups.

From: Prevalence and consequences of musculoskeletal symptoms in symphony orchestra musicians vary by gender: a cross-sectional study

  High strings
(N = 149)
Low strings
(N = 59)
Woodwinds
(N = 62)
Brass players
(N = 53)
Others
(N = 19)
  OR OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Impact on level of function      
Impaired/changed playing 1.0 1.0 (0.6 - 1.6) 0.4 (0.2 - 0.5) 0.8 (0.3 - 2.2) 0.3 (0.2 - 0.5)
Daily activities at home 1.0 0.7 (0.5 - 1.0) 0.4 (0.3 - 0.7) 0.9 (0.4 - 2.2) 0.7 (0.2 - 2.7)
Leisure time activities 1.0 0.8 (0.6 - 1.1) 0.3 (0.2 - 0.8) 1.4 (0.5 - 3.7) 0.9 (0.3 - 3.0)
Sleep 1.0 1.0 (0.6 - 1.7) 0.7 (0.3 - 1.7) 2.0 (0.8 - 4.9) 0.9 (0.3 - 3.0)
Behavioural consequences      
Pausing from practicing 1.0 1.0 (0.7 - 1.4) 0.3 (0.2 - 0.4) 0.4 (0.2 - 0.9) 0.3 (0.1 - 1.3)
Pausing from rehearsals 1.0 0.9 (0.4 - 2.0) 0.5 (0.3 - 0.8) 0.1 (0.0 - 0.8) 0.2 (0.0 - 2.0)
Omitting playing at concerts 1.0 0.8 (0.3 - 2.1) 0.3 (0.1 - 0.5) 0.2 (0.1 - 0.5) 0.3 (0.1 - 1.4)
Sick-leave 1.0 0.9 (0.3 - 2.8) 0.3 (0.1 - 0.7) 0.3 (0.1 - 1.2) 0.8 (0.2 - 2.9)
Use of painkillers 1.0 0.7 (0.3 - 1.6) 0.5 (0.2 - 1.0) 0.9 (0.5 - 1.7) 0.6 (0.3 - 1.4)
  1. All analyses were adjusted for age, gender, number of playing years on main instrument, and had orchestra of employment as cluster variable. Prevalence odds ratios with P-value < 0.05 are marked with bold. The instruments of each instrument group are shown in Table 1.
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