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Table 3 Prevalence odds ratios for musculoskeletal symptoms by instrument groups.

From: Prevalence and consequences of musculoskeletal symptoms in symphony orchestra musicians vary by gender: a cross-sectional study

  High strings
(N = 149)
Low strings
(N = 59)
Woodwinds
(N = 62)
Brass players
(N = 53)
Others
(N = 19)
  OR OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Symptoms within the previous 12 months in the      
Neck 1.0 1.0 (0.6 - 1.6) 0.5 (0.3 - 0.7) 0.8 (0.3 - 2.1) 0.6 (0.3 -1.6)
Upper back 1.0 1.4 (0.6 -3.0) 1.0 (0.5 - 2.0) 0.9 (0.4 - 1.9) 1.5 (0.8 - 2.9)
Lower back 1.0 0.7 (0.4 - 1.5) 0.5 (0.3 - 0.8) 0.8 (0.3 - 2.2) 0.8 (0.2 - 3.2)
Left shoulder 1.0 0.6 (0.3 - 1.1) 0.5 (0.3 - 0.8) 1.2 (0.6 - 2.4) 0.3 (0.1 - 0.8)
Right shoulder 1.0 1.7 (0.7 - 3.9) 0.8 (0.3 - 2.1) 1.3 (0.6 - 2.7) 0.8 (0.1 - 5.2)
Left elbow 1.0 1.5 (0.6 - 3.9) 0.4 (0.1 - 1.9) 1.7 (0.9 -3.4) 4.7 (1.2 - 18.4)
Right elbow 1.0 1.1 (0.5 - 2.5) 1.0 (0.4 - 2.6) 0.6 (0.2 - 2.1) 1.2 (0.4 - 3.4)
Left hand & wrist 1.0 1.3 (0.7 - 2.6) 0.5 (0.2 - 1.2) 0.8 (0.4 - 1.8) 1.1 (0.2 - 6.7)
Right hand & wrist 1.0 1.8 (0.8 - 3.9) 1.2 (0.5 - 2.7) 0.4 (0.2 - 0.8) 1.8 (0.4 - 7.5)
≥ 1 anatomic region 1.0 0.9 (0.4 - 2.2) 0.5 (0.3 - 0.9) 1.4 (0.4 - 4.4) 0.4 (0.1 - 1.5)
Symptoms within the previous 7 days in the      
Neck 1.0 1.4 (0.8 - 2.6) 0.5 (0.3 - 0.8) 0.8 (0.3 - 2.1) 0.8 (0.2 - 2.6)
Upper back 1.0 1.3 (0.7 - 2.4) 0.8 (0.4 - 1.5) 0.8 (0.3 - 2.3) 1.7 (0.7 - 3.8)
Lower back 1.0 1.1 (0.5 - 2.4) 0.5 (0.2 - 1.1) 0.9 (0.4 - 2.3) 0.6 (0.1 - 2.7)
Left shoulder 1.0 0.6 (0.3 - 1.5) 0.5 (0.3 - 0.9) 0.7 (0.2 - 1.7) 0.4 (0.1 - 1.0)
Right shoulder 1.0 1.6 (0.5 - 4.9) 0.8 (0.3 - 2.3) 1.0 (0.4 - 2.7) 1.2 (0.1 - 11.7)
Left elbow 1.0 1.6 (0.8 - 3.4) 0.4 (0.1 - 1.4) 1.3 (0.4 - 4.6) 4.8 (1.0 - 23.8)
Right elbow 1.0 1.4 (0.6 - 3.6) 1.2 (0.5 - 2.9) 0.8 (0.3 - 2.0) 2.0 (0.6 - 7.0)
Left hand & wrist 1.0 1.4 (0.5 - 3.8) 0.5 (0.2 - 1.3) 1.4 (0.7 - 2.9) 1.7 (0.4 - 7.9)
Right hand & wrist 1.0 2.3 (0.9 - 6.2) 1.9 (0.6 - 5.9) 0.5 (0.2 - 1.3) 3.0 (0.5 - 19.4)
≥ 1 anatomic region 1.0 1.5 (0.8 - 2.8) 0.5 (0.3 - 1.0) 0.9 (0.4 - 1.9) 0.5 (0.2 - 1.2)
  1. All analyses were adjusted for gender, age, number of playing years on main instrument, and had orchestra of employment as cluster variable. Prevalence odds ratios with P-value < 0.05 are marked with bold. The instruments of each instrument group are shown in Table 1.
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