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Table 2 Prevalence odds ratios for musculoskeletal symptoms by gender.

From: Prevalence and consequences of musculoskeletal symptoms in symphony orchestra musicians vary by gender: a cross-sectional study

   Symptoms
within the
previous
12 months
Symptoms
within the
previous
7 days
Symptoms > 7
days within
the previous
12 months
Symptoms > 30
days within
the previous
12 months
  Men
(N = 208)
Women
(N = 134)
Women
(N = 134)
Women
(N = 134)
Women
(N = 134)
  OR OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Neck 1.0 2.9 (1.9 - 4.6) 2.8 (2.0 - 4.1) 2.4 (1.6 - 3.7) 3.6 (1.9 - 7.1)
Upper back 1.0 2.8 (2.1 - 3.8) 2.6 (2.0 - 3.3) 2.6 (1.9 - 3.5) 4.4 (3.6 - 5.5)
Lower back 1.0 1.3 (0.8 - 2.4) 1.1 (0.7 - 2.0) 1.8 (0.9 - 3.5) 1.5 (0.8 - 2.9)
Left shoulder 1.0 2.4 (1.6 - 3.7) 1.6 (0.8 - 3.4) 2.7 (1.4 - 5.5) 2.6 (1.3 - 5.0)
Right shoulder 1.0 3.2 (1.8 - 5.6) 2.6 (1.6 - 4.4) 3.5 (1.9 - 6.5) 3.1 (1.4 - 7.2)
Left elbow 1.0 3.5 (1.2 - 10.1) 2.2 (0.6 - 8.3) 2.7 (0.9 - 8.3) 2.7 (1.0 - 6.9)
Right elbow 1.0 1.7 (0.8 - 3.6) 1.8 (1.0 - 3.2) 1.9 (1.0 - 3.4) 0.8 (0.4 - 1.9)
Left hand & wrist 1.0 3.3 (1.6 - 7.2) 3.7 (2.3 - 6.0) 3.8 (1.6 - 8.8) 3.4 (1.3 - 8.8)
Right hand & wrist 1.0 2.1 (1.5 - 3.0) 2.1 (1.3 - 3.3) 2.5 (1.4 - 4.4) 2.2 (1.1 - 4.4)
≥1 anatomic region 1.0 6.5 (2.3 - 18.2) 3.0 (1.9 - 4.5) 2.7 (2.3 - 3.3) 2.2 (1.2 - 4.1)
  1. Association between musculoskeletal symptoms in different anatomic regions and gender expressed as prevalence odds ratios. The odds ratios are results of logistic regression. All analyses were adjusted for age, instrument group, number of playing years on main instrument, and had orchestra of employment as cluster variable. Prevalence odds ratios with P-value < 0.05 are marked with bold. For all outcomes the odds ratio was 1.0 for men, men being the reference group.
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