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Table 1 Time measures and instrument groups.

From: Prevalence and consequences of musculoskeletal symptoms in symphony orchestra musicians vary by gender: a cross-sectional study

  Men
(N = 208)
Women
(N = 134)
  Median (95% CI) Median (95% CI)
Age on time of survey, years 48 (46-50) 39 (37-43)
  Median (95% CI) Median (95% CI)
Exposure: time measures   
Age for starting playing music, years 7 (7 - 8) 6 (6 - 7)
Age for start with main instrument, years 10 (10 - 11) 9 (9 - 10)
Duration of current employment, years 18.3 (15.9 - 20.5) 11.7 (10.0 - 15.0)
Number of playing days/week 6 (6 - 7) 7 (6 - 7)
Total working hours/week incl. secondary job 32.0 (31.0 - 34.0) 32.0 (31.0 - 34.0)
Total playing hours/week 31.0 (30.0 - 32.0) 32.0 (30.0 - 33.0)
-hereof practicing alone 7.0 (6.6 - 9.0) 9.0 (7.0 - 10.0)
-hereof practicing/rehearsing with colleagues 18.0 (16.0 - 20.0) 18.0 (16.0 - 20.0)
-playing concert/performing 4.0 (4.0 - 4.0) 4.0 (4.0 - 4.0)
  N (Percent) N (Percent)
Participants by instrument groups   
High strings (violin, viola) 63 (30.3%) 86 (64.2%)
Low strings (cello, double bass) 43 (20.7%) 16 (11.9%)
Woodwinds (flute, oboe, clarinet, bassoon) 41 (19.7%) 21 (15.7%)
Brass (horn, trumpet, trombone, tuba) 46 (22.1%) 7 (5.2%)
Others (percussion, tympani, harp, keyboards) 15 (7.2%) 4 (3.0%)
All instrument groups 208 (100.0%) 134 (100%)
  1. Women were significantly younger than men and had fewer years in the current employment. The time exposure measures were in general very similar for both genders except that women practiced more alone than men. The major part of the women played high strings, the only instrument group dominated by women.
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