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Table 2 Spearman correlation coefficients among general self-efficacy beliefs, cognitive coping strategies, fear-avoidance cognitions and illness beliefs

From: Overlap of cognitive concepts in chronic widespread pain: An exploratory study

measuresa 1
Gen.
self-
efficacy
2
Catastro-
phizing
3
Perceived
control
4
Denial
of
pain
5
Pos.
self
statements
6
Reinter- preting
pain
7
Pray.
hoping
8
Div.
atten-
tion
9
Fear-
avoid-
ance
10
Conse-quence
11
Pers.
control
12
Coher-
ence
13
Emo.
repr
14
Timel
15
Timel.
cycl
16
Treatm.
control
1                 
2 -.23(**)                
3 .11 -.03               
4 .22(*) -.06 .28(**)              
5 .42(**) -.11 .18(*) .64(**)             
6 .05 .11 .33(**) .39(**) .28(**)            
7 -.17(*) .45(**) .07 .12 .08 .37(**)           
8 .09 .13 .32(**) .41(**) .50(**) .49(**) .31(**)          
9 -.16 .33(**) -.01 -.12 -.14 .02 .34(**) -.09         
10 -.21(*) .19(*) -.10 -.18(*) -.11 .12 .22(*) .05 .34(**)        
11 .35(**) -.10 .40(**) .32(**) .27(**) .04 -.15 .15 -.14 -22(**)       
12 -.29(**) .28(**) -.24(**) -.10 -.19(*) .06 .20(*) -.05 .24(**) .30(**) -.23(**)      
13 -.42(**) .37(**) -.05 -.26(**) -.22(*) .16 .31(**) .03 .34(**) .56(**) -.17 .53(**)     
14 -.08 .22(**) -.10 -.05 -.00 -.03 .01 -.02 .08 .31(**) -.24(**) .04 .11    
15 .13 .03 -.12 .05 -.00 .06 -.01 -.03 -.02 .13 .06 .20(*) .15 .17   
16 .06 -.04 .16 .19(*) .22(*) .03 .03 .12 -.09 -.13 .42(**) -.14 -.08 -.19(*) .08  
  1. Note. * p < .05, ** p < .01, a 1 = (DGSS) general self efficacy, 2 = (CSQ) catastrophizing, 3 = (CSQ) perceived control of pain, 4 = (CSQ) denial of pain sensations, 5 = (CSQ) positive self statements, 6 = (CSQ) reinterpreting of pain sensations, 7 = (CSQ) praying and hoping, 8 = (CSQ) diverting attention away from pain sensations, 9 = (TSK) fear-avoidance, 10 = (IPQ) consequence, 11 = (IPQ) personal control, 12 = (IPQ) coherence, 13 = (IPQ) emotional representation, 14 = (IPQ) timeline, 15 = (IPQ) timeline cyclical, 16 = (IPQ) treatment control
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