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Table 2 Hierarchical regression analyses examining prediction of Pain, Number of symptoms, General functioning, Fibromyalgia impact, Anxiety and Depression after controlling for Coping strategies

From: Relationship between behavioural coping strategies and acceptance in patients with fibromyalgia syndrome: Elucidating targets of interventions

Predictor β (final) ΔR 2 p< R 2
Pain
1. Task persistence -0.15 0.11 0.001  
   Resting 0.09 0.051 0.01 0.16
2. Activity engagement -0.22 0.050 0.01  
   Pain willingness -0.19 0.030 0.01 0.24
Number of symptoms
1. Relaxation 0.26 0.074 0.001 0.07
2. Activity engagement -0.17 0.032 0.01 0.10
Impact
1. Resting 0.25 0.28 0.001  
   Guarding 0.17 0.058 0.001  
   Task persistence -0.01 0.028 0.01 0.37
2. Activity engagement -0.42 0.11 0.001 0.49
Physical functioning
1. Guarding -0.24 0.18 0.001  
   Task persistence 0.13 0.064 0.01 0.24
2. Activity engagement 0.26 0.066 0.001  
   Pain willingness 0.16 0.024 0.05 0.33
General health
1. Guarding -0.18 0.083 0.001  
   Coping self-statements 0.29 0.089 0.001  
   Relaxation -0.18 0.033 0.05  
   Exercise/Stretch 0.13 0.025 0.05 0.23
2. Pain willingness 0.23 0.067 0.001  
   Activity engagement 0.20 0.032 0.05 0.33
Vitality
1. Resting -0.30 0.16 0.001 0.16
2. Activity engagement 0.22 0.043 0.001 0.20
Social functioning
1. Resting -0.17 0.13 0.001  
   Task persistence 0.05 0.041 0.01  
   Guarding -0.14 0.021 0.05  
   Seeking social support 0.16 0.028 0.05 0.22
2. Activity engagement 0.35 0.084 0.001 0.30
Anxiety
1. Resting 0.13 0.11 0.001  
   Task persistence -0.08 0.032 0.05 0.15
2. Pain willingness -0.21 0.056 0.01  
   Activity engagement -0.22 0.031 0.05 0.23
Depression
1. Resting 0.22 0.15 0.001  
   Task persistence -0.08 0.070 0.001  
   Coping self-statements -0.18 0.041 0.01 0.26
2. Activity engagement -0.35 0.080 0.001 0.34
  1. Note: Pain was assessed with a 100 mm visual analogue scale, Number of symptoms with standardised symptom checklist, General functioning with some of the SF-36 subscales, the Fibromyalgia impact with the FIQ, and Anxiety and Depression with the HADS.
  2. In these analyses, the eight Coping scale scores were tested for entry (p < .05) and removal (p > 0.10) on initial steps based on statistical criteria. After Coping scores meeting criteria were selected, the Acceptance scores were similarly tested for entry.