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Table 1 Highest observed temperatures at four locations within each specimen in Stage 1 (vertebroplasty without cement leakage) and Stage 2 (vertebroplasty with cement leakage) experiments.

From: Cement leakage causes potential thermal injury in vertebroplasty

  Locations of thermocouples
  Anterior Foramen Posterior Center
Specimen Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 1 Stage 2
1 38.4 38.3 37.1 41.2 36.9 65.8 75.0 82.4
2 44.6 44.3 43.4 41.1 39.6 68.4 65.8 76.1
3 41.8 42.1 38.7 41.0 40.0 61.8 66.6 72.9
4 43.8 42.8 38.9 40.4 38.8 48.5 66.5 85.5
5 42.0 44.3 39.7 41.2 44.6 53.9 67.7 70.5
6 43.7 44.4 39.4 41.8 39.8 56.3 67.2 76.6
Avg. 42.4 42.7 39.5 41.1 40.0 59.1 68.1 77.3
SD 2.2 2.4 2.1 0.4 2.5 7.6 3.4 5.7
P-value 0.81 0.10 0.0001 0.007
  1. (°C)
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