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Table 1 Patient Characteristics (n = 428)

From: Mortality and cause of death in hip fracture patients aged 65 or older - a population-based study

  Men Women   
  n(%) n(%) p-value  
  103 (24.1) 325 (75.9)   
Age in years; mean (SD) 79.0 (7.0) 82.7 (6.7) < 0.001  
Type of fracture*    0.421  
   Cervical fracture 67 (67.0) 192 (62.5)   
   Trochanteric fracture 33 (33.0) 115 (37.5)   
Type of operation*     
   Prosthesis 54 (52.4) 174 (53.7) 0.821  
   ORIF 49 (47.6) 150 (46.3)   
Preoperative morbidity     
   Circulatory disease 64 (62.1) 227 (69.9) 0.144  
   Respiratory disease 18 (17.5) 25 (7.7) 0.004  
   Malignancy 17 (16.5) 23 (7.1) 0.004  
   Dementia, Alzheimer's disease 15 (14.6) 93 (28.6) 0.004  
   Digestive disease 6 (5.8) 25 (7.7) 0.524  
   Other 17 (16.5) 45 (13.9) 0.504  
Follow-up time†; mean (SD) 3.3 (3.1) 3.9 (3.0) 0.077  
Died during follow-up 86 (83.5) 252 (77.5) 0.196  
Underlying cause of death     
   Circulatory disease 39 (37.9) 110 (33.9) 0.456  
   Respiratory disease 13 (12.6) 31 (9.5) 0.369  
   Malignancy 12 (11.7) 19 (5.9) 0.048  
   Dementia, Alzheimer's disease 10 (9.7) 43 (13.2) 0.344  
   Digestive disease 2 (1.9) 14 (4.3) 0.270  
   Other 10 (9.7) 35 (10.8) 0.760  
Place of death     
   Hospital, health centre, other care facility 65 (75.6) 190 (75.4) 0.973  
   Home, dwelling 7 (8.1) 7 (2.8) 0.031  
   Other (e.g., old people's home) 14 (16.3) 54 (21.4) 0.304  
   Unknown 0 (0) 1 (0.4) 0.559  
  1. SD = standard deviation
  2. ORIF = open reduction and internal fixation
  3. * Type of fracture unknown for 21 patients and type of operation unknown for 1 patient
  4. † Follow-up years from operation to death or end of 2007