Skip to main content

Table 3 Proposed health factors at baseline, and outcome in HRQL at the 12 month follow-up.

From: Factors promoting health-related quality of life in people with rheumatic diseases: a 12 month longitudinal study

   PF RP BP GH VT SF RE MH
   n = 185
OR (95% CI)
n = 185
OR (95% CI)
n = 185
OR (95% CI)
n = 185
OR (95% CI)
n = 185
OR (95% CI)
n = 185
OR (95% CI)
n = 185
OR (95% CI)
n = 185
OR (95% CI)
SOC 21-55 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
  56-66 1.2 (0.4-3.4) 2.9 (0.9-8.5) 3.0 (1.2-7.2) 3.1 (1.1-8.4) 2.8 (1.1-7.0) 2.4 (0.9-5.8) 6.3 (2.3-17.7) 4.7 (1.7-12.7)
  67-75 1.7 (0.5-5.1) 3.4 (1.2-9.8) 3.3 (1.3-8.1) 3.1 (1.1-8.6) 2.7 (1.1-7.0) 3.2 (1.2-8.2) 5.6 (2.0-15.5) 7.5 (2.5-22.4)
  75-90 Very good 1.6 (0.5-5.2) 4.9 (1.6-15.6) 5.6 (2.0-15.5) 5.1 (1.7-15.8) 7.8 (2.6-23.4) 9.0 (2.9-27.9) 11.8 (3.5-39.7) 10.1 (2.9-35.1)
Social support 18-29 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
  13-17 2.9 (0.9-9.1) 1.6 (0.5-4.4) 1.6 (0.6-4.0) 2.2 (0.8-6.2) 1.2 (0.5-3.2) 1.5 (0.6-3.9) 3.0 (1.1-8.1) 1.3 (0.5-3.5)
  11-12 2.2 (0.6-7.2) 1.9 (0.7-5.7) 1.2 (0.5-3.3) 1.6 (0.6-4.9) 1.9 (0.7-5.3) 1.3 (0.5-3.6) 6.0 (1.9-18.5) 2.5 (0.8-7.5)
  10 Very good 2.2 (0.7-6.9) 2.2 (0.8-6.3) 1.8 (0.7-4.6) 2.4 (0.9-6.6) 2.1 (0.8-5.4) 1.8 (0.7-4.6) 5.2 (1.8-15.0) 1.6 (0.6-4.4)
Alcohol habit Rarely/never 1.0 1.0 1. 0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
  Monthly 1.1 (0.4-2.9) 0.7 (0.3-1.7) 0.8 (0.4-1.8) 1.1 (0.5-2.5) 0.7 (0.3-1.5) 1.1 (0.5-2.5) 0.9 (0.4-2.2) 1.4 (0.6-3.3)
  Weekly 1.0 (0.4-2.5) 0.6 (0.3-1.5) 1.0 (0.5-2.2) 0.9 (0.4-2.0) 1.5 (0.7-3.2) 1.2 (0.5-2.6) 0.8 (0.4-1.8) 0.6 (0.3-1.5)
Immigrant status Immigrant 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
  Swede 0.7 (0.2-2.6) 1.5 (0.5-4.4) 2.2 (0.8-5.8) 0.9 (0.3-2.4) 0.6 (0.2-1.6) 2.1 (0.8-5.5) 1.5 (0.5-4.2) 2.8 (0.9-8.0)
Civil status Living alone 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
  Living with 0.9 (0.4-2.2) 0.7 (0.3-1.4) 0.6 (0.3-1.2) 1.0 (0.5-2.1) 0.5 (0.3-1.1) 0.6 (0.3-1.3) 1.0 (0.5-2.1) 0.6 (0.3-1.2)
  somebody         
Education Grade school 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
  Secondary school 1.4 (0.6-3.6) 1.3 (0.6-3.0) 1.5 (0.7-3.2) 1.3 (0.6-2.9) 1.0 (0.5-2.2) 3.1 (1.4-7.0) 1.2 (0.5-2.6) 1.9 (0.8-4.3)
  College/university 2.1 (0.8-5.7) 1.7 (0.7-4.0) 1.2 (0.6-2.7) 0.8 (0.3-1.8) 1.4 (0.6-3.0) 1.6 (0.7-3.6) 1.4 (0.6-3.1) 1.7 (0.7-4.0)
Work capacity 0% 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
  25-100% 3.3 (1.2-9.2) 3.0 (1.2-7.2) 2.7 (1.2-6.0) 1.9 (0.8-4.7) 1.6 (0.7-3.6) 1.7 (0.8-4.0) 1.8 (0.8-4.4) 4.3 (1.6-11.5)
  Retired 0.9 (0.2-4.6) 3.7 (0.6-21.6) 1.6 (0.4-6.3) 2.7 (0.6-11.3) 1.4 (0.4-5.4) 1.2 (0.3-4.8) 0.8 (0.2-3.2) 0.8 (0.2-3.9)
Socioeconomic Group A 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
status, Group B 1.5 (0.6-4.3) 2.0 (0.8-5.1) 1.2 (0.5-2.7) 0.5 (0.2-1.2) 1.4 (0.6-3.2) 1.7 (0.7-4.0) 1.8 (0.7-4.2) 1.5 (0.6-3.8)
main Group C 1.5 (0.6-4.0) 1.6 (0.6-3.8) 0.9 (0.4-2.0) 0.8 (0.4-1.9) 1.1 (0.5-2.4) 1.4 (0.6-3.1) 2.2 (0.9-5.2) 1.6 (0.7-3.9)
occupation Group D 0.3 (0.1-1.8) 0.4 (0.1-2.2) 0.5 (0.1-2.0) 0.4 (0.1-2.0) 1.9 (0.5-7.3) 1.3 (0.3-5.1) 1.1 (0.3-4.5) 2.3 (0.5-9.8)
Socioeconomic Group A 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
status, Group B 0.7 (0.1-4.4) 3.3 (0.6-17.9) 1.4 (0.3-6.6) 0.7 (0.1-4.2) 1.1 (0.3-5.0) 3.3 (0.6-17.9) 1.8 (0.3-10.0) 4.6 (0.6-35.7)
current Group C 0.9 (0.2-3.7) 2.9 (0.8-11.1) 1.0 (0.3-3.2) 0.4 (0.1-1.4) 1.2 (0.4-3.8) 1.8 (0.6-6.1) 1.9 (0.5-7.8) 3.9 (0.9-16.7)
occupation Group D 0.4 (0.1-1.5) 1.5 (0.4-5.4) 0.3 (0.1-0.9) 0.1 (0.0-0.5) 0.5 (0.2-1.3) 0.9 (0.3-2.6) 0.6 (0.2-1.9) 0.7 (0.2-2.3)
Rheumatic Local/general pain 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
disease Osteoarthritis 2.2 (0.5-9.8) 1.4 (0.3-5.8) 0.7 (0.2-2.3) 2.4 (0.6-9.3) 1.3 (0.4-4.7) 1.2 (0.3-4.1) 0.7 (0.2-2.7) 1.1 (0.3-4.1)
  Systemic rheumatic disease 0.9 (0.2-4.5) 0.8 (0.2-3.7) 0.9 (0.3-3.1) 0.6 (0.1-3.1) 0.9 (0.2-3.5) 1.0 (0.3-3.7) 0.6 (0.2-2.3) 1.1 (0.3-4.4)
  Infl. joint disease 2.1 (0.7-6.2) 2.1 (0.7-6.2) 1.1 (0.4-2.8) 2.0 (0.7-5.7) 2.5 (0.9-6.8) 1.8 (0.7-4.7) 0.6 (0.2-1.6) 2.0 (0.7-5.6)
  1. OR (95% CI) in multivariate analyses of factors believed to affect HRQL (assessed by SF-36) in a positive way in a population with rheumatic diseases at a 12 month follow-up. Factors were controlled for age, sex and baseline SF-36 score but not for each other.
  2. Group A: Manual workers
  3. Group B: Assistant no manual employees
  4. Group C: Intermediate/higher employees and upper-level executives
  5. Group D: Others