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Table 2 Proposed health factors at baseline, and outcome in HRQL at the 12 month follow-up.

From: Factors promoting health-related quality of life in people with rheumatic diseases: a 12 month longitudinal study

   PF RP BP GH VT SF RE MH
   n = 185
OR (95% CI)
n = 185
OR (95% CI)
n = 185
OR (95% CI)
n = 185
OR (95% CI)
n = 185
OR (95% CI)
n = 185
OR (95% CI)
n = 185
OR (95% CI)
n = 185
OR (95% CI)
Sex Women 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
  Men 1.0 (0.4-2.3) 1.2 (0.6-2.6) 1.3 (0.6-2.6) 1.7 (0.8-3.8) 0.7 (0.4-1.5) 1.6 (0.8-3.4) 1.4 (0.6-3.0) 1.1 (0.5-2.5)
Age 70-88 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
(years) 61-69 3.1 (0.9-9.6) 1.1 (0.4-3.2) 1.1 (0.5-2.8) 0.8 (0.3-2.2) 0.8 (0.3-1.9) 0.8 (0.3-2.0) 2.1 (0.8-5.4) 1.8 (0.7-4.9)
  52-60 3.8 (1.2-11.8) 3.3 (1.2-9.0) 1.7 (0.7-4.1) 1.3 (0.5-3.4) 1.1 (0.4-2.6) 1.4 (0.6-3.5) 6.4 (2.3-17.3) 2.3 (0.9-6.3)
  18-51 3.6 (1.2-11.2) 1.8 (0.7-4.9) 0.8 (0.3-1.9) 0.9 (0.3-2.3) 0.6 (0.3-1.5) 0.9 (0.4-2.2) 2.6 (1.0-6.4) 1.7 (0.7-4.4)
SF-36 at ≥mean 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
baseline <mean 24.7 (10.3-59.2) 5.6 (2.8-11.3) 4.4 (2.2-8.8) 9.6 (4.8-19.2) 4.5 (2.4-8.7) 5.4 (2.8-10.3) 7.8 (3.6-16.6) 10.7 (5.2-22.0)
Feeling painless 8-10 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
  6-7 0.4 (0.1-1.8) 1.4 (0.4-5.3) 2.5 (0.7-8.7) 0.6 (0.2-1.9) 1.4 (0.4-4.3) 1.2 (0.4-3.7) 0.9 (0.3-2.9) 2.6 (0.7-9.2)
  4-5 0.3 (0.1-1.4) 1.4 (0.4-5.5) 5.5 (1.6-19.3) 0.7 (0.2-2.3) 1.7 (0.5-5.6) 3.0 (0.9-9.7) 0.8 (0.3-2.7) 1.7 (0.5-6.4)
  0-3 Nearly painless 0.4 (0.1-1.8) 2.2 (0.6-8.4) 7.9 (1.8-35.3) 1.1 (0.3-3.5) 2.9 (0.9-9.4) 2.1 (0.6-6.8) 1.4 (0.4-4.7) 2.2 (0.6-8.0)
Sleep structure Big/very big problem 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
  Moderate problem 1.6 (0.6-3.8) 1.3 (0.6-2.9) 2.0 (0.9-4.2) 2.1 (0.9-4.7) 2.1 (1.0-4.4) 2.0 (0.9-4.3) 1.4 (0.7-3.1) 1.2 (0.5-2.6)
  No/small problem 1.1 (0.4-3.1) 1.9 (0.8-4.7) 1.7 (0.7-4.1) 3.1 (1.2-7.8) 3.3 (1.4-7.8) 1.9 (0.8-4.7) 1.0 (0.4-2.3) 0.9 (0.4-2.3)
Feeling rested Big/very big problem 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
  Moderate problem 1.2 (0.5-3.2) 2.2 (0.9-5.3) 1.9 (0.9-4.2) 1.6 (0.7-3.8) 3.2 (1.4-7.1) 1.4 (0.6-3.1) 1.6 (0.7-3.6) 2.0 (0.8-4.6)
  No/small problem 1.2 (0.5-3.1) 2.6 (1.0-6.4) 4.0 (1.7-9.3) 2.5 (1.0-5.8) 4.6 (2.0-10.6) 3.4 (1.4-8.2) 1.5 (0.7-3.5) 1.5 (0.6-3.6)
Diet General diet 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
  Special diet 1.4 (0.5-4.6) 1.1 (0.4-3.0) 0.8 (0.3-1.9) 0.6 (0.2-1.7) 1.6 (0.6-4.3) 0.7 (0.3-1.9) 0.9 (0.3-2.3) 2.1 (0.7-6.2)
High effort Irregularly/never 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
of exercise 1 time a week 1.0 (0.3-3.0) 1.0 (0.4-2.7) 0.9 (0.4-2.3) 1.2 (0.4-3.3) 1.1 (0.4-2.8) 0.4 (0.1-0.9) 1.2 (0.4-3.3) 0.4 (0.1-1.1)
  >2 times a week 0.9 ( 0.4-2.3) 1.4 (0.6-3.1) 1.1 (0.5-2.4) 1.4 (0.6-3.2) 1.4 (0.7-3.0) 0.5 (0.3-1.2) 1.0 (0.5-2.3) 0.5 (0.2-1.1)
Medium effort Irregularly/never 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
of exercise 1 time a week 2.1 (0.6-7.7) 0.4 (0.1-1.6) 0.5 (0.2-1.4) 0.7 (0.2-2.3) 0.9 (0.3-2.7) 0.3 (0.1-0.9) 0.9 (0.3-2.9) 0.6 (0.2-2.0)
  >2 times a week 2.0 (0.8-4.6) 1.3 (0.6-2.8) 1.6 (0.8-3.2) 1.9 (0.9-4.1) 1.3 (0.6-2.6) 0.8 (0.4-1.6) 1.0 (0.5-2.0) 1.3 (0.6-2.8)
Low effort Irregularly/never 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
of exercise 1 time a week 1.4 (0.3-6.5) 0.6 (0.2-2.6) 0.7 (0.2-2.3) 0.9 (0.2-3.4) 1.0 (0.3-3.6) 0.8 (0.2-3.0) 1.3 (0.3-4.7) 1.6 (0.4-6.2)
  >2 times a week 2.8 (1.1-7.3) 1.4 (0.6-3.3) 1.1 (0.6-2.3) 1.4 (0.6-3.0) 1.4 (0.7-2.8) 1.6 (0.8-3.4) 1.8 (0.8-3.9) 1.5 (0.7-3.3)
Performing hobbies Rarely/never 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
  Often/sometimes 1.5 (0.6-3.5) 1.7 (0.8-3.7) 0.8 (0.4-1.7) 1.1 (0.5-2.4) 0.9 (0.5-1.8) 0.9 (0.5-1.8) 1.1 (0.6-2.3) 0.9 (0.4-1.9)
Feeling sexual lust Rarely/never 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
  Often/sometimes 1.5 (0.7-3.5) 1.0 (0.5-2.1) 0.7 (0.4-1.4) 0.5 (0.3-1.2) 0.8 (0.4-1.6) 0.6 (0.3-1.3) 1.8 (0.9-3.8) 2.0 (0.9-4.4)
  1. OR (95% CI) in multivariate analyses of factors believed to affect HRQL (assessed by SF-36) in a positive way in a population with rheumatic diseases at a 12 month follow-up. Factors were controlled for age, sex and baseline SF-36 score but not for each other.