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Table 4 Differences between patients with high (≥68) or low (< 68) SOC and subjective outcome concerning hand function, satisfaction in daily occupations, and health.

From: Outcome and clinical changes in patients 3, 6, 12 months after a severe or major hand injury - can sense of coherence be an indicator for rehabilitation focus?

  Median score (range) Group Differencesa
P-value
Effect sizeb
3 m vs 12 m
  High SOC (n = 23) Low SOC (n = 22)   High SOC Low SOC
Pain (VAS)      
   3 months 1.9 (0-9.5) 4.0 (0-7.9) 0.059 - -
   6 months 1.7 (0-5.3) 3.0 (0-8.2) 0.027 - -
   12 months 1.8 (0-5.0) 2.3 (0-8.4) 0.294 0.0 0.5
Joint mobility (VAS)      
   3 months 5.9 (2-9.5) 6.5 (1.5-10) 0.383 - -
   6 months 5.2 (0-9.5) 5.5 (1.2-10) 0.768 - -
   12 months 4.5 (0.5-8.8) 5.3 (0-10) 0.650 0.4 0.3
Sensibility (VAS)      
   3 months 5.1 (2.2-10) 7.4 (0.5-9.8) 0.058 - -
   6 months 4.0 (0.7-8.5) 6.3 (1-10) 0.007 - -
   12 months 4.0 (0-9.5) 5.7 (0-10) 0.388 0.3 0.6
Grip strength (VAS)      
   3 months 5.4 (0.6-9.5) 7.5 (2-10) 0.043 - -
   6 months 6.0 (1.5-10.0) 6.2 (0.5-10) 0.742 - -
   12 months 5.3 (1.6-9.0) 5.5 (0.2-10) 0.750 0.0 0.6
Dexterity (VAS)      
   3 months 6.6 (1-9.5) 8.2 (3.1-10) 0.012 - -
   6 months 6.4 (0-10) 7.2 (3-10) 0.433 - -
   12 months 5.2 (0-9.0) 6.9 (4-10) 0.007 0.3 0.8
Sleep disturbance (VAS)      
   3 months 0.5 (0-7.2) 3.0 (0-10) 0.028 - -
   6 months 0.2 (0-8.4) 2.4 (0-10) 0.015 - -
   12 months 0.0 (0-7.8) 1.7 (0-8.8) 0.003 0.1 0.2
Cold sensitivity (CSS)      
   3 months 14 (0.8-32.5) 16 (0-33.2) 0.851   
   6 months 15 (0-26.2) 16 (0-31) 0.829   
   12 months 13 (0-40) 14 (1.2-29.8) 0.547 0.1 0.1
Satisfaction daily occupations (SDO)      
   3 months 38 (12-50) 32 (12-44) 0.007 - -
   6 months 43 (23-56) 35 (16-52) 0.014 - -
   12 months 45 (29-56) 40 (12-56) 0.030 0.6 0.5
Health status (EQ-05 VAS)      
   3 months 79 (30-100) 60 (0-81) 0.022 - -
   6 months 80 (50-100) 67 (15-85) 0.002 - -
   12 months 90 (49-100) 72 (14-100) 0.002 0.4 0.5
Disabilities in the arm, shoulder, hand (DASH)      
   3 months 30 (1.7-52) 31 (9.2-79.2) 0.265 - -
   6 months 12 (0.8-36.7) 22 (7.5-60.8) 0.020 - -
   12 months 8.3 (0-45) 16 (1.7-56.7) 0.069 0.9 0.5
  1. a Friedman's test. b Effect size measure for VAS, CSS, SDO, EQ-05VAS and DASH was calculated with median change in score divided by interquartile range. VAS (0-10) higher score indicates more reduced hand function, CSS (0-40) higher score indicates more reduced hand function, SDO (8-56) higher score indicates higher satisfaction, EQ-05VAS (0-100) higher score indicates a better health and DASH (0-100) higher score indicates more severe disability.