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Table 2 Subjective outcome concerning hand function, satisfaction in daily occupations, and health (n = 45).

From: Outcome and clinical changes in patients 3, 6, 12 months after a severe or major hand injury - can sense of coherence be an indicator for rehabilitation focus?

  Major and severe hand injuries n = 45 (median, range)
  Three months
n = 44
Six months
n = 45
Twelve months
n = 45
Group differencesa
(3-12 months)
Effect sizeb
3 m vs 12 m
Pain (VAS) 2.7 (0-9.5) 2.4 (0-8.2) 2.0 (0-8.4) 0.270 0.2
Joint mobility (VAS) 6.2 (1.5-10) 5.4 (0-10) 4.6 (0-10) 0.019 0.5
Sensibility (VAS) 6.5 (0.5-10) 5.2 (0.7-10) 4.3 (0-10) 0.004 0.7
Grip strength (VAS) 7.2 (0.6-10) 6.1 (0.5-10) 5.4 (0.2-10) 0.002 0.6
Dexterity (VAS) 8.0 (1-10) 6.5 (0-10) 5.8 (0-10) 0.005 0.7
Sleep disturbance (VAS) 1.0 (0-10) 0.5 (0-10) 0.4 (0-8.8) 0.402 0.1
Cold sensitivity (CSS) 15 (0-33) 15 (0-31) 13 (0-40) 0.686 0.0
Satisfaction in daily occupations (SDO) 35 (12-50) 38 (16-56) 42 (12-56) 0.001 0.4
Health status (EQ-05 VAS) 70 (1-100) 70 (15-100) 79 (14-100) < 0.001 0.3
Disabilities in the arm, shoulder, hand (DASH) 30 (1.7-79.2) 18 (0.8-60.8) 13 (0-56.7) < 0.001 0.9
  1. a Friedman's test. bEffect size measure for VAS, CSS, SDO, EQ-05VAS and DASH was calculated with median change in score divided by interquartile range. VAS (0-10) higher score indicates more reduced hand function, CSS (0-40) higher score indicates more reduced hand function, SDO (8-56) higher score indicates higher satisfaction, EQ-05VAS (0-100) higher score indicates a better health and DASH (0-100) higher score indicates more severe disability.