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Table 3 Comparison between the GPR and SE group at short- and mid-term follow-up (ie 3 and 6 months).

From: Effectiveness of a 'Global Postural Reeducation' program for persistent Low Back Pain: a non-randomized controlled trial

  GPR Group
(n = 50)
SE Group
(n = 50)
 
Intention to treat mean (SD) Changea
mean (SD)
mean (SD) Changea
mean (SD)
P -valueb
RMDQ (0-24)      
   Baseline 7.1 (5.3) -- 5.9 (4.6) --  
   3 months 3.1 (3.9) -4.0 (5.2) 5.6 (5.3) -0.3 (4.1) < 0.001
   6 months 2.9 (3.5) -4.2 (5.8) 5.4 (5.0) -0.5 (2.9) < 0.001
ODI (0-100%)      
   Baseline 22.5 (15.2) -- 22.2 (12.2) --  
   3 months 12.2 (12.8) -10.4 (15.0) 22.0 (15.6) -0.2 (10.8) < 0.001
   6 months 12.3 (12.0) -10.3 (17.9) 21.1 (15.4) -1.1 (9.5) 0.002
FFT (cm)      
   Baseline 15.7 (12.5) -- 16.1 (12.9)   
   3 months 8.6 (9.4) -7.2 (8.9) 15.4 (13.3) -0.7 (11.8) 0.003
   6 months 7.0 (9.1) -8.8 (11.5) 13.5 (12.3) -2.6 (12.2) 0.011
VAS (0-100 mm)      
   Baseline 60.9 (23.9) -- 57.7 (22.0) --  
   3 months 23.9 (23.6) -37.0 (29.4) 52.0 (25.0) -5.7 (25.6) < 0.001
   6 months 31.5 (25.6) -29.4 (31.8) 49.4 (24.8) -8.3 (22.4) < 0.001
Per protocol mean (SD) Changea
mean (SD)
mean (SD) Changea
mean (SD)
P-valueb
RMDQ (0-24)      
   Baseline 7.1 (5.3) -- 5.9 (4.6) --  
   3 months 2.7 (3.5)c -4.3 (5.2)c 6.0 (5.2)d 0.2 (4.4)d < 0.001
   6 months 2.6 (2.9)e -3.8 (5.2)e 5.4 (4.8)f 0.1 (3.0)f < 0.001
ODI (0-100%)      
   Baseline 22.5 (15.2) -- 22.2 (12.2) --  
   3 months 11.0 (11.7)c -11.4 (14.9)c 23.4 (16.1)d 1.3 (11.6)d < 0.001
   6 months 11.8 (11.0)e -9.8 (16.4)e 20.9 (16.1)f 0.2 (10.8)f 0.003
FFT (cm)      
   Baseline 15.7 (12.5) -- 16.1 (12.9) --  
   3 months 7.8 (9.0)c -7.7 (9.0)c 15.8 (13.5)d 0.6 (12.9)d < 0.001
   6 months 6.1 (8.9)e -9.3 (12.1)e 13.1 (12.2)f -1.4 (13.6)f 0.008
VAS (0-100 mm)      
   Baseline 60.9 (23.9) -- 57.7 (22.0) --  
   3 months 20.9 (20.8)c -39.3 (28.7)c 51.1 (26.8)d -3.0 (28.1)d < 0.001
   6 months 30.5 (24.0)e -29.7 (30.7)e 48.2 (26.2)f -5.6 (22.9)f < 0.001
  1. GPR Group: Global Postural Reeducation Group.
  2. SE Group: Stabilization Exercises Group.
  3. RMDQ: Roland and Morris Disability Questionnaire.
  4. ODI: Oswestry Disability Index.
  5. FFT: Fingertip-to-Floor Test.
  6. VAS: Visual Analogue Scale as measure of low back pain (LBP).
  7. aChange scores are changes since baseline, negative values indicate improvements.
  8. bOne-way ANOVA F-test.
  9. cn = 47.
  10. dn = 40.
  11. en = 42.
  12. fn = 36.