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Table 1 Baseline characteristics and outcome measures in the GPR and SE group.

From: Effectiveness of a 'Global Postural Reeducation' program for persistent Low Back Pain: a non-randomized controlled trial

  GPR Group
(n = 50)
SE Group
(n = 50)
P-value
Age (yr), mean (SD) 45.5 (12.2) 48.2 (13.2) 0.291a
BMI (kg/m2), mean (SD) 24.4 (3.2) 25.1 (3.3) 0.295a
Gender, n (%)    
   Female 28 (56.0) 32 (64.0) 0.414b
   Male 22 (44.0) 18 (36.0)  
Education level, n (%)    
   Below high school diploma 3 (6.0) 10 (20.0) 0.073b
   High school diploma 21 (42.0) 22 (44.0)  
   University degree or higher 26 (52.0) 18 (36.0)  
Socio-occupational status, n (%)    
   White-collar workers 43 (86.0) 31 (62.0) 0.006b
   Blue-collar workersc 7 (14.0) 19 (38.0)  
Previous episodes of LBP in the last year, n (%)    
   None 11 (22.0) 12 (24.0) 0.102b
   1-2 28 (56.0) 18 (36.0)  
   3-6 8 (16.0) 10 (20.0)  
   >6 3 (6.0) 10 (20.0)  
Previous physical therapies, n (%)    
   None 27 (54.0) 29 (58.0) 0.687b
   At least oned 23 (46.0) 21 (42.0)  
Manual handling (load >10 Kg), n (%)    
   No 43 (86.0) 34 (68.0) 0.032b
   Yes 7 (14.0) 16 (32.0)  
Smoking status, n (%)    
   Never 27 (54.0) 21 (42.0) 0.448b
   Former 10 (20.0) 11 (22.0)  
   Current 13 (26.0) 18 (36.0)  
Outcome measures    
   RMDQ (0-24), mean (SD) 7.1 (5.3) 5.9 (4.6) 0.253a
   ODI (0-100%), mean (SD) 22.5 (15.2) 22.2 (12.2) 0.908a
   FFT (cm), mean (SD) 15.7 (12.5) 16.1 (12.9) 0.879a
   VAS (0-100 mm), mean (SD) 60.9 (23.9) 57.7 (22.0) 0.485a
  1. GPR Group: Global Postural Reeducation Group.
  2. SE Group: Stabilization Exercises Group.
  3. RMDQ: Roland and Morris Disability Questionnaire.
  4. ODI: Oswestry Disability Index.
  5. FFT: Fingertip-to-Floor Test.
  6. VAS: Visual Analogue Scale as measure of low back pain (LBP).
  7. at-test.
  8. bΧ2 test.
  9. cincluding housewives.
  10. dbetween GPR method and standard physiotherapy.
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