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Table 3 Logistic regression analyses of foods with large coefficients in the fruit and vegetable pattern score for hip

From: Dietary garlic and hip osteoarthritis: evidence of a protective effect and putative mechanism of action

Food item Model 1 Model 2
  OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Allium vegetables1 0.748 (0.577,0.971) 0.702 (0.506,0.973)
Cruciferous vegetables2 0.819 (0.640,1.049) 0.719 (0.466,1.110)
Green leafy vegetables3 1.024 (0.810,1.296) 1.051 (0.725,1.525)
Yellow vegetables4 0.918 (0.732,1.150) 1.117 (0.751,1.661)
Other vegetables5 0.962 (0.736,1.257) 0.907 (0.614,1.339)
Citrus fruit6 0.858 (0.570,1.293) 0.784 (0.565,1.089)
Non-citrus fruit7 0.676 (0.493,0.927) 0.560 (0.396,0.790)
Chips and roast potatoes 1.173 (0.959,1.434) 1.314 (0.940,1.836)
  1. 1 garlic, onions and leeks 2 cabbage, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cauliflower and coleslaw 3 green salad and spinach 4 carrots and tomatoes 5 parsnips, marrow, watercress, sweetcorn, avocado, beetroot, mushrooms and sweet peppers 6 oranges and grapefruit 7 apples, bananas, pears, peaches, melon, grapes, tinned fruit and dried fruit
  2. Model 1: individual food intakes only; model 2: OR shown for individual food intakes, but obtained with twin pair mean intakes in the same model
  3. All models also adjusted for age, BMI and physical activity; Kellgren-Lawrence scores coded as 0 and 1 versus 2+
  4. All foods listed had high positive loadings in the fruit and vegetable pattern, except chips and roast potatoes, which had a high negative loading