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Table 2 Logistic regression analyses of pattern scores and Kellgren-Lawrence scores

From: Dietary garlic and hip osteoarthritis: evidence of a protective effect and putative mechanism of action

Site No. twin pairs Dietary pattern Model 1 Model 2
    OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Hip 327 Fruit and vegetable pattern score 0.724 (0.549,0.955) 0.609 (0.388,0.958)
   High alcohol pattern score 1.073 (0.856,1.345) 1.048 (0.707,1.552)
   Traditional English pattern score 1.072 (0.868,1.323) 1.093 (0.806,1.483)
   Dieting pattern score 1.008 (0.793,1.282) 0.877 (0.619,1.242)
   Low meat pattern score 1.099 (0.881,1.371) 1.433 (0.995,2.065)
Knee 456 Fruit and vegetable pattern score 1.107 (0.939,1.306) 1.028 (0.781,1.353)
   High alcohol pattern score 1.039 (0.880,1.226) 1.029 (0.788,1.346)
   Traditional English pattern score 1.127 (0.964,1.318) 1.245 (0.987,1.571)
   Dieting pattern score 1.088 (0.918,1.290) 1.158 (0.891,1.506)
   Low meat pattern score 0.973 (0.833,1.136) 1.042 (0.817,1.330)
Hand 541 Fruit and vegetable pattern score 0.983 (0.861,1.122) 1.009 (0.844,1.206)
   High alcohol pattern score 1.028 (0.901,1.174) 1.116 (0.915,1.362)
   Traditional English pattern score 1.033 (0.906,1.179) 0.988 (0.831,1.176)
   Dieting pattern score 1.015 (0.894,1.153) 0.975 (0.827,1.149)
   Low meat pattern score 0.940 (0.825,1.069) 0.857 (0.723,1.017)
  1. Model 1: individual pattern scores only; model 2: individual pattern scores and twin pair means in the same model
  2. All models adjusted for age, BMI and physical activity; Kellgren-Lawrence scores coded as 0 and 1 versus 2+