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Table 2 Sonographic findings in diabetics and control subjects

From: Sonographic evaluation of the shoulder in asymptomatic elderly subjects with diabetes

  DOMINANT SIDE NON DOMINANT SIDE BOTH SHOULDERS
  Controls Diabetics p Controls Diabetics p Controls Diabetics p
SST          
Thickness (mm) 5.2 ± 0.7 6.2 ± 0.9 0.001 4.7 ± 0.6 5.6 ± 0.6 0.08    
Minor lesions 1 (3.1%) 10 (20.8%) 0.02 1 (3.1%) 5 (10.4%) 0.22 2 (3.1%) 15 (15.8%) 0.03
Major lesions 3 (9.3%) 10 (20.8%) 0.17 2 (6.2%) 5 (10.4%) 0.5 5 (7.8%) 15 (15.8%) 0.14
BT          
Thickness (mm) 3.2 ± 0.4 4 ± 0.8 0.001 3 ± 0.4 3.4 ± 0.5 0.001    
Minor lesions 1 (3.1%) 2 (4.1%) 0.06 1 (3.1%) 1 (2%) 0.09 2 (3.1%) 3 (3.1%) 0.00
Major lesions 1 (3.1%) 3 (6.2%) 0.39 1 (3.1%) 2 (4.1%) 0.06 2 (3.1%) 5 (5.1%) 0.37
Degeneration          
Rotator cuff 7 (21.8%) 22 (45.8%) 0.02 6 (18.7%) 19 (39.5%) 0.04 13 (20.3%) 41 (42.7%) 0.003
BT 3 (9.3%) 17 (35.4%) 0.008 2 (6.2%) 9 (28.1%) 0.11 5 (7.8%) 26 (27.8%) 0.002
Effusion          
SAD 4 (12.5%) 16 (33.3%) 0.03 3 (9.3%) 7 (14.5%) 0.4 7 (10.9%) 23 (23.9%) 0.03
BT 5 (15.6%) 21 (43.7%) 0.008 2 (6.2%) 11 (22.9%) 0.04 7 (10.9%) 32 (33.3%) 0.001