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Table 2 RÜCKGEWINN target areas

From: A bio-psycho-social exercise program (RÜCKGEWINN) for chronic low back pain in rehabilitation aftercare - Study protocol for a randomised controlled trial

target area I: attitude and behavior
I.a Modulation of pain- or disease-related subjective theories and the corresponding behavior
I.b Development of active coping strategies for back pain
I.c Reduction of psychological pressure with relaxation techniques
I.d Reduction of fear-avoidance behavior
I.e Active stabilization of back muscles and reduction of work-load in burdening movements and positions
target area II: guidance to health enhancing physical activity
II.a Positive change of the attitude to physical activity
II.b Development of motion skills for independent executed health enhancing physical activity
II.c Development of control skills for independent executed health enhancing physical activity
II.d Development of decision-making skills for independent executed health enhancing physical activity
II.e Development of skills to improve trait and state well being through physical activity and thus reduction of psychological burdens (distress, anxity) and depression
target area III: improvement of health related physical fitness
III.a Improvement of muscle strength and endurance of back and trunk muscles to prevent states of deconditioning dependent on on inactivity
III.b Improvement of motor coordination of back and trunk muscles to increase spine stabilization
III.c Improvement of whole body physical fitness (endurance, flexibility) in sense of enhancement of general physical health resources
III.d Introduction to several types of physical activity
III.e Development of a personal network for maintaining physical activity e.g. in fitness facilities