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Table 1 Overview of Active Physiotherapy and Sham Physiotherapy Treatments. The times given are approximate

From: Efficacy of a multimodal physiotherapy treatment program for hip osteoarthritis: a randomised placebo-controlled trial protocol

Active Physiotherapy
Overview
Sham Physiotherapy
Overview
Session 1 (45-60 mins)
• Subjective and objective assessment (20-25 mins)
• Patient education (5 mins)
• 2 of the mandatory manual therapy techniques (5-10 mins)
• Teach hip abduction and knee extension strengthening home exercises (15-20 mins)
Session 1 (45-60 mins)
• Subjective and objective assessment (20-25 mins)
• Patient education (5 mins)
• Information about gel and application (5-10 mins)
• Information about pulsed ultrasound and application (10 mins)
• Discuss log-book and attendance (5-10 mins)
Session 2 (45-60 mins)
• Subjective and objective re-assessment (10 mins)
• Patient education (5-10 mins)
• 2-4 of the mandatory manual therapy techniques (15-20 mins)
• Teach all mandatory home exercises and check log-book (15-20 mins)
Session 2 (45-60 mins)
• Subjective and objective re-assessment (23 mins)
• Application of sham gel (10-15 mins)
• Application of sham pulsed ultrasound (10-15 mins)
• Check and discuss log-book (2-7 mins)
Session 3-10 (30 mins)
• Subjective and objective re-assessment (5 mins)
• All mandatory manual therapy techniques with addition of optional techniques if justified (15 mins)
• Progress all mandatory home exercises, addition of optional exercises if justified and check log-book (10 mins)
Session 3-10 (30 mins)
• Subjective and objective re-assessment (13 mins)
• Application of sham gel (7 mins)
• Application of sham pulsed ultrasound (8 mins)
•Check log-book (2 mins)
Follow-up period
• 5 home exercises 3 times/week
Follow-up period
• Self-application of gel 3 times/week