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Table 1 Clinical data in males and females according to neck pain status.

From: Prevalence of neck pain in subjects with metabolic syndrome - a cross-sectional population-based study

  MALES (N = 399) FEMALES (N = 500)
  No Neck Pain (N = 357) Neck Pain (N = 42) P-value No Neck Pain (N = 407) Neck Pain (N = 93) P-value
Metabolic syndrome, N (%) 111 (31) 21 (50) 0.014 110 (27) 36 (39) 0.025
Diabetes, N (%) 30 (8.4) 2 (4.8) 0.41 23 (5.7) 3 (3.2) 0.34
Antihypertensive medication, N (%) 33 (9) 8 (19) 0.048 29 (7) 14 (15) 0.014
Lipid-lowering medication, N (%) 11 (3.1) 1 (2.4) 0.80 5 (1.2) 1 (1.1) 0.90
Smoking, N (%) 121 (34) 15 (36) 0.81 87 (21) 25 (27) 0.25
Alcohol use, N (%) 312 (87) 35 (83) 0.46 332 (82) 67 (72) 0.039
Physical activity* high, N (%) 49 (14) 5 (12) 0.94 59 (14) 11 (12) 0.85
Diastolic blood pressure, mmHg, mean (SD) 83.5 (9.9) 85.3 (11) 0.30 79.7 (9.3) 79.5 (10) 0.85
Systolic blood pressure, mean, mmHg (SD) 136.1 (17) 141.0 (19) 0.12 131.2 (17) 131.3 (19) 0.94
Body Mass Index, kg/m2, mean (SD), 26.5 (3.4) 28.0 (5.5) 0.012 26.4 (5.4) 26.6 (4.6) 0.74
Waist circumference, cm, mean (SD) 93 (10) 98 (14) 0.0081 83 (12) 85 (13) 0.19
S-cholesterol , mmol/l, mean (SD) 5.8 (1.0) 6.1 (1.3) 0.20 5.6 (0.9) 5.8 (1.2) 0.26
S-HDL-cholesterol#, mmol/l, mean (SD) 1.3 (0.3) 1.3 (0.3) 0.86 1.5 (0.3) 1.5 (0.3) 0.57
S-triglyserides, mmol/l mean (SD) 1.6 (1.0) 2.2 (2.5) 0.16 1.2 (0.6) 1.3 (0.7) 0.11
P-glucose, mmol/, mean (SD) 6.0 (0.9) 5.9 (0.6) 0.54 5.6 (0.6) 5.7 (0.5) 0.75
hs-CRP, mg/l, mean (SD) 1.5 (2.8) 1.8 (1.8) 0.41 1.7 (2.3) 1.8 (1.7) 0.65
GHQ-12§ sum, mean (SD) 1.3 (2.4) 2.5 (3.1) 0.002 1.5 (2.7) 3.6 (3.9) < 0.001
  1. * Leisure time physical activity was defined as physical exercise that lasted at least 30 minutes per session and caused sweating. There were three categories: low activity (1-2 times a month or less), moderate activity (1-3 times a week) and high activity (more than 3 times a week).
  2. †S-cholestero l = Serum cholesterol
  3. # S-HDL-cholesterol = Serum high density lipoprotein cholesterol
  4. ‡ P-glucose = Plasma glucose
  5. ¶ hs-CRP = High sensitivity C-reactive protein
  6. § GHQ-12 = 12-item General Health Questionnaire