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Table 5 Statistically significant multivariate relationships between nutrition variables and back and neck pain in males and females.

From: Spinal pain and nutrition in adolescents - an exploratory cross-sectional study

Gender   Nutrition variables OR 95% CIs
   Back pain    
Female Egg Products <3.67 g 0.46 0.29 0.75
   3.67-22.15 g reference   
   >22.15 g 0.96 0.63 1.47
   Neck Pain    
Male Cereal Score <186.3 g 1.62 1.03 2.54
   186.3 - 311.2 g reference   
   >311.2 g 1.61 1.03 2.54
Female Vitamin B12 <2.74 μg 1.72 1.14 2.62
   2.74-4.96 μg reference   
   >4.96 μg 1.24 0.81 1.910
  Meat Score <106.9 g 1.14 0.754 1.73
   106.9 - 198.2 g reference   
   >198.2 g 0.62 0.40 0.97
  1. The nutrition variables are categorised into lowest 25%, interquartile range, and highest 25%
  2. Footnote: Forward stepwise likelihood ratio multivariate logistic regression models adjusting for waist girth, primary carer education level and adolescent smoking in past 12 months