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Table 1 Specific nutrient intakes in males and females

From: Spinal pain and nutrition in adolescents - an exploratory cross-sectional study

  Males Females Gender difference
  Mean SD Mean SD t, df p
omega 3 - g/day 1.39 0.69 1.19 0.59 5.9, 1420 <0.001
omega 6 - g/day 12.43 6.51 10.80 5.71 5.0, 1420 <0.001
long chain n3 acids 0.27 0.13 0.23 0.13 5.2, 1420 <0.001
omega 3 fatty acid:2n6 (g) 12.13 6.47 10.54 5.68 4.9, 1420 <0.001
omega 3 fatty acid:2n6 (g) 0.02 0.01 0.02 0.01 6.4, 1420 <0.001
omega 3 fatty acid:3n3 (g) 1.12 0.63 0.93 0.51 5.9, 1420 <0.001
omega 3 fatty acid:3n6 (g) 0.04 0.02 0.03 0.02 6.3, 1420 <0.001
Arachidonic (g) 0.19 0.08 0.16 0.08 6.9, 1420 <0.001
omega 3 fatty acid:4n6 (g) 0.02 0.01 0.02 0.01 7.1, 1420 <0.001
eicosapentanoic acid (EPA) (g) 0.08 0.04 0.07 0.04 5.6, 1420 <0.001
omega 3 fatty acid:5n6 (g) 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.7, 1420 0.462
docosapentanoic acid (DPA) (g) 0.11 0.05 0.09 0.05 6.3, 1420 <0.001
docosahexanoic acid (DHA) (g) 0.08 0.06 0.07 0.06 2.2, 1420 0.030
water (g) 2,477 849 2,255 810 5.0, 1420 <0.001
total sugar (g) 169.17 64.22 145.99 64.05 6.8, 1420 <0.001
complex CHO (g) 128.54 44.70 105.32 36.47 10.7, 1420 <0.001
fibre (g) 25.01 9.78 23.09 8.81 3.9, 1420 <0.001
nitrogen (g) 16.97 5.04 14.09 4.74 11.1, 1420 <0.001
Kcalories 2,525 764 2,115 728 10.3, 1420 <0.001
Kjoules 10,519 3,186 8,813 3,034 10.3, 1420 <0.001
protein (g) 104.96 31.40 86.99 29.38 11.1, 1420 <0.001
total fat (g) 99.82 35.32 83.48 32.79 9.0, 1420 <0.001
total carbohydrate (g) 300.13 96.02 253.17 91.92 9.4, 1420 <0.001
sodium (mg) 3,607 1,147 3,041 1,086 9.5, 1420 <0.001
potassium (mg) 4,000 1,345 3,497 1,262 7.3, 1420 <0.001
calcium (mg) 1,349 597 1,042 502 10.5, 1420 <0.001
Magnesium (mg) 341.62 115.48 290.38 103.50 8.8, 1420 <0.001
phosphorous (mg) 1,823 626 1,479 553 10.9, 1420 <0.001
iron (mg) 15.07 5.05 12.62 4.29 9.8, 1420 <0.001
copper (mg) 2.05 0.66 1.81 0.63 6.9, 1420 <0.001
zinc (mg) 13.92 4.39 11.66 4.04 10.1, 1420 <0.001
retinol (ug) 582.79 521.65 450.43 501.37 4.9, 1420 <0.001
carotene (ug) 4,295 2,113 4,278 2,279 0.1, 1420 0.883
vitamin D (ug) 2.38 1.53 2.01 1.33 4.9, 1420 <0.001
thiamin (mg) 1.97 0.76 1.56 0.56 11.3, 1420 <0.001
riboflavin (mg) 2.76 1.10 2.16 0.89 11.3, 1420 <0.001
nicotinic acid (mg) 19.78 6.34 16.76 5.54 9.6, 1420 <0.001
pot.nicotinic acid (mg) 20.53 6.27 16.97 5.87 11.0, 1420 <0.001
vitamin C (mg) 186.00 108.46 190.91 119.31 -0.8, 1420 0.416
vitamin E (mg) 9.37 4.85 8.00 3.89 5.8, 1420 <0.001
vitamin b6 (mg) 1.87 0.70 1.67 0.62 5.6, 1420 <0.001
vitamin b12 (ug) 5.03 2.18 4.05 2.15 8.6, 1420 <0.001
free folate (ug) 151.90 68.26 142.81 67.14 2.5, 1420 0.011
total folate (ug) 258.49 101.71 238.50 97.63 3.8, 1420 <0.001
pantothenate (mg) 5.77 2.04 4.93 1.91 8.1, 1420 <0.001
biotin (ug) 25.27 10.15 20.44 8.79 9.6, 1420 <0.001
alcohol (g) 0.00 0.07 0.01 0.18 -0.6, 1420 0.557
cholesterol (mg) 334.35 143.14 272.22 126.77 8.6, 1420 <0.001
refined sugar (g) 80.17 41.75 69.18 41.82 5.0, 1420 <0.001
saturated fat (g) 44.40 17.53 36.24 16.04 9.2, 1420 <0.001
monounsaturated fat (g) 34.51 12.37 28.82 11.41 9.0, 1420 <0.001
polyunsaturated fat (g) 14.72 7.33 12.85 6.28 5.2, 1420 <0.001
total nicotinic acid (mg) 40.31 12.09 33.72 11.06 10.7, 1420 <0.001
total vitamin A (ug) 1,298.76 661.95 1,163.54 669.46 3.8, 1420 <0.001
natural sugars (g) 89.00 42.93 76.81 37.05 5.7, 1420 <0.001