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Table 1 Demographic and Clinical Characterization of the CPP and Control Groups.

From: Postural changes in women with chronic pelvic pain: a case control study

  Control CPP p
Number of subjects 48 108 ---
Age, years (mean ± SD) 31.8 ± 8.7 35.3 ± 8.6 ns
BMI, kg/m2 (mean ± SD) 26.4 ± 4.7 26.0 ± 4.8 ns
No. of gestations (median, range) range) 2, 0–8 2, 0–6 ns
Abortion % (n) 14.6 (7/48) 20.7 (22/106) ns
Episiotomy % (n) 29.2 (14/48) 35.2 (38/108) ns
Cesarean section %, (n) 41.7 (20/48) 35.2 (38/108) ns
Stable relationship % (n) 66.7 (32/48) 76.8 (83/108) ns
Duration of symptoms (months) mean ± --- 60.9 ± 6.4 ---
VAS (mean ± SD) --- 66.8 ± 2.1 ---
McGill (mean ± SD) --- 28.7 ± 2 ---
BDI (median, range) 8, 0–28 16, 3–42 <0.01
Dysmenorrhea % (n) 12.5 (6/48) 62 (67/108) <0.01
Dyspareunia* % (n) 8.3 (4/48) 49.1 (53/108) <0.01
Intestinal symptoms % (n) 4.2 (2/48) 41.7 (45/108) <0.01
Urinary symptoms % (n) 12.5 (6/48) 47.2 (51/108) <0.01
  1. Notes- SD: standard deviation; BMI: body mass index; CPP: chronic pelvic pain; VAS: Visual Analogue Scale; BDI: Beck Depression Inventory.
  2. *Considering only moderate or intense symptoms. If we also consider mild symptoms, control: 20.8% (10/48) × CPP: 75.9% (82/108).