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Table 1 Step 2. Matrix for injured worker: What does the injured worker need to do to return to work?

From: Designing a workplace return-to-work program for occupational low back pain: an intervention mapping approach

Performance Objectives(worker) Attitudes/Beliefs/Emotions Knowledge Skills/self-efficacy Expected outcomes
Keeps active despite pain and attempts RTW on modified work Not fearful of re-injury Understands difference between hurt and harm pain Avoids passive coping Demonstrates activity despite pain (avoidance of pain behaviours) and returns to modified work duties
Minimizes sitting or lying down Positive attitude that avoiding sitting and lying will speed recovery    Avoids excessive sitting/lying down
Uses medication to control pain Belief that medication can help with pain while returning to work Learns coping/pacing strategies to control symptoms Takes medication appropriately Takes medication/performs exercise to reduce pain
Focus on function rather pain Belief that the pain will subside. Has positive expectation Understands the natural history of condition Use proper body mechanics  
Co-operates with RTW co-coordinator/employer/supervisor Trust in RTW coordinator    Avoids delay in RTW
Communicates with workplace re: job concerns Belief that has a say in RTW process. Belief that employer will listen and understand concerns and is supportive Learns how to make workplace safe Develops sense of control at work. Can adapt/change situations at work. Does not wait until 100% to RTW. Accepts reasonable RTW plan
Communicates with Health Care Providers Belief that he/she is ready to RTW    Avoids delays in RTW with minimal and safe RTW restrictions
  1. RTW = return to work