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Table 3 LBP profile (pain association, onset and frequency) by group (n = 779)

From: Low back pain status in elite and semi-elite Australian football codes: a cross-sectional survey of football (soccer), Australian rules, rugby league, rugby union and non-athletic controls

Level Initial LBP due to sporta Odds ratio 95% CI
Elite (n = 271) N/A (n = 13) 0.39 0.21–0.73
  Yes (n = 229) 3.40 2.34–4.94
  No (n = 29) 0.32 0.21–0.50
Semi-elite (n = 360) N/A (n = 42) 1.78 1.08–2.92
  Yes (n = 235) 0.69 0.50–0.93
  No (n = 83) 1.21 0.86–1.71
Non-athletic (n = 148) N/A (n = 16) 1.27 0.71–2.29
  Yes (n = 78) 0.40 0.28–0.58
  No (n = 54) 2.66 1.80–3.94
  Start of current LBP episode b   
Elite (n = 271) N/A (n = 85) 0.58 0.43–0.80
  0–3 months (n = 110) 1.43 1.06–1.95
  >3 months (n = 76) 1.25 0.89–1.74
Semi-elite (n = 360) N/A (n = 156) 1.34 1.01–1.79
  0–3 months (n = 117) 0.80 0.60–1.08
  >3 months (n = 87) 0.90 0.65–1.24
Non-athletic (n = 148) N/A (n = 67) 1.34 0.93–1.92
  0–3 months (n = 47) 0.83 0.57–1.21
  >3 months (n = 34) 0.86 0.56–1.31
  Current LBP due to sport c   
Elite (n = 271) N/A (n = 85) 0.61 0.45–0.83
  Yes (n = 173) 2.79 2.05–3.78
  No (n = 13) 0.22 0.12–0.41
Semi-elite (n = 360) N/A (n = 151) 1.27 0.95–1.69
  Yes (n = 157) 0.75 0.56–0.99
  No (n = 52) 1.14 0.76–1.72
Non-athletic (n = 148) N/A (n = 67) 1.38 0.96–1.99
  Yes (n = 40) 0.34 0.23–0.50
  No (n = 41) 3.34 2.14–5.19
  Frequency of LBP d   
Elite (n = 271) N/A (n = 51) 0.84 0.58–1.22
  Daily or weekly (n = 107) 1.77 1.29–2.42
  Fortnightly + (n = 113) 0.68 0.50–0.91
Semi-elite (n = 360) N/A (n = 84) 1.35 0.95–1.91
  Daily or weekly (n = 111) 0.96 0.71–1.30
  Fortnightly + (n = 165) 0.85 0.64–1.13
Non-athletic (n = 148) N/A (n = 26) 0.78 0.49–1.25
  Daily or weekly (n = 26) 0.40 0.26–0.64
  Fortnightly + (n = 96) 2.34 1.62–3.40
  1. a Question: if applicable, was your first ever attack or episode of LBP a result of your sporting commitments and activities or not related to this?
  2. N/A = I have not had a first ever attack or episode of LBP
  3. b Question: when did your current episode of LBP commence?
  4. N/A = I do not have a current episode of LBP
  5. c Question: if applicable, is your current episode of LBP a result of your sporting commitments and activities or not related to this?
  6. N/A = I do not have a current episode of LBP
  7. d Question: how often do you experience LBP?
  8. N/A = I do not experience LBP
  9. "Fortnightly +" relates to experiencing LBP on a fortnightly basis or less frequently