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Table 3 Differences in men and women in primary outcome, the WORC and its sub-domains and secondary outcomes, the ASES and Quick DASH

From: Cross-sectional analysis of baseline differences of candidates for rotator cuff surgery: a sex and gender perspective

Variables (Min/Max) Women
Mean
(SD)
MEN
Mean
(SD)
T/Z values ** P values Effect Size (CI)
WORC Total Raw score (0/2100) 1368.58 1234.12 2.42 0.017 0.37
Higher numbers mean more disability (371.74) (353.03)    (0.07–0.67)
WORC Percentage (0/100) 34.84% 41.22% -2.42 0.017 0.37
Higher numbers mean less disability (17.70) (16.80)    (0.07–0.67)
Domains of the WORC      
Symptoms (0/600) 351.88 326.58 1.36 0.175  
  (130.22) (111.05)    
Life style* (0/400) 271.10 223.35 3.99 < 0.0001 0.58
  (88.67) (84)    (0.27–0.88)
Work* (0/400) 284.55 249.60 3.25 0.001 0.47
  (71.12) (80)    (0.16–0.77)
Sports/recreational activities* (0/400) 290.38 282.45 1.077 0.282  
  (70.92) (67.43)    
Emotions (0/300) 170.59 153.96 1.42 0.157  
Higher numbers mean more disability (73.23) (79.12)    
ASES (0/100) 42.92 51.12 -2.77 0.0062 0.42
Higher numbers mean less disability (21.28) (16.99)    (0.12–0.73)
Quick DASH (0/100) 55.82 44.87 3.98 0.0001 0.61
Higher numbers mean more disability (18.77) (17.10)    (0.30–0.92)
  1. T Test (T values): used for normally distributed data
  2. *Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney test (Z values): used for skewed data
  3. CI: Confidence interval
  4. **To adjust for multiple comparison of 5 domains, the p values were adjusted by a' = a/k, where a = 0.05, k = the number of multiple comparison variables: 0.05/5 = 0.01
  5. Effect size values are reported for significant differences: Small (0.20–0.49), Moderate: (0.50–0.79), Large: > 0.80 (Cohen, 1988).